Temperatures pattern exercise essay

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1 . Is the temperature distinction between the collar and the Arctic region greatest in the winter or summer?


Temperature contrast between the equator and the Arctic region can be greatest in the winter. Temperatures near or with the equator change a few certifications between winter season and summer season while the Arctic region adjustments drastically about 40 deg between the seasons.

2 . (a) Were lat. the only control of temperature, the isotherms might run straight across the maps from east to western.

Describe a single region on the planet where this kind of hypothetical isotherm pattern is in fact observed. (b) Why is the hypothetical style seen here?

Answer. Areas of the world is near or on the collar; a specified area for debate is central South America, in the area of Brazil. Brazil falls right consistent with the “tropical zone. The temperatures of those zones will be consistent throughout the year. The only differentiating characteristic of the different periods is the quantity of rain fall that they deliver.

In areas of rainforests, such as in Brazil, the regular rainfall is in least installment payments on your 4 inches wide per annum. To qualify like a Tropical Region, an area should have a mean temperature of more than 18 deg Celsius throughout the year. (Brazil Environment, 2011). Additionally , the height of mid-day sun is never below at the equator. Twice in a year the sun’s rays are vertical on the equator. As a result, the temperature is uniformly high in the equatorial location, and the gross annual range of temp is minimal. (Rajan, 2012). Resources

Brazil Climate. (2011). Brazil Local climate. Retrieved by http://www.brazil.org.za/climate.html Rajan. (2012). Listed below are the Factors That Have an effect on and Control the Total annual Range of Heat. Retrieved coming from


3. (a) Is the affect of great ocean currents on coastal temperatures even more pronounced in summer or perhaps winter? (b) Why? Answer. They are even more pronounced in the summer. The reason will probably be coming from a write-up on (How the Oceans Influence Environment, 1993). Awesome ocean power influence the climate simply by transporting heat. Horizontal power, particularly these moving north or south, can carry warmed up or cooled down water as much as several thousand kms. The displaced water are able to warm or cool mid-air (in the truth, cooling throughout the summer) and, indirectly, the land over which this surroundings blows. In addition to currents, up-wellings of cold drinking water in places that the wind produces surface water away can also affect environment. Thus San Francisco, influenced by coastal up-welling, is rarely warmer than Dublin, which can be influenced by Gulf Stream, despite being over 1, 600 kilometres further south.


How the oceans influence local climate. (1993). How a Oceans Affect Climate. Recovered from http://www.gdrc.org/oceans/fsheet-01.html 4. (a) Comparing the January map with the Come july 1st map, illustrate one region of the world that exhibits a huge annual temp range (the difference involving the January and July average temperatures): Answer. Siberia is a good answer in respect to what I see on both equally figures 10-1 and 10-2.

(b) What explains this kind of large total annual temperature selection?

In accordance to an article online (Williams, USATODAY. com, 2003), Siberia is located nearby the eastern end of the world’s largest terrain mass (Asia) and obstructed by huge batch ranges via moderating oceanic influences.  He also goes on to state “during the wintertime, strong areas of high atmospheric pressure control. High pressure will keep the atmosphere clear, that enables the Earth’s heat to radiate apart into space, and also makes light wind gusts, which no longer stir the air to mix very frigid air nearby the ground with slightly warmer air larger up.  (Williams, 2013). Resource

Williams, J. (2003, December 13). USATODAY. com ” Why Siberia is so cold. USATODAY. com ” Why Siberia Is so Cool. Retrieved from http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/weather/resources/askjack/2003-12-05-answers-siberian-cold_x.htm (c) Describe one particular region of the world that shows a small total annual temperature change. (d) What explains this kind of small total annual temperature selection?

Answer. I actually mentioned under consideration 2(b) that parts of Brazil because of the area near and right on the equator as well as the reason getting is because 2 times in a year the sun’s rays are straight at the collar. Thus, the temperature can be uniformly loaded with the equatorial region, plus the annual selection of temperature is negligible. (Rajan, 2012). The equatorial area experience so little winter chilling because of this. (Hess, 2011). Source

Rajan. (2012). The following Are the Factors That Affect and Control the Annual Variety of Temperature. Gathered from http://www.preservearticles.com/2011111217118/the-following-are-the-factors-that-affect-and-control-the-annual-range-of-temperature.html Hess, D. (2011). Mcknight’s Physical Geography; A Scenery Appreciation. (10th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ-NEW JERSEY: Pearson Education, Inc


1 . Begin in the western and push across the map to the east, briefly outlining why the actual 16 degrees Celsius isotherm deviates in the hypothetical. Response. The isothermal shift is more pronounced in high altitudes than in low and also much more pronounced over the continents than over the seas. (Hess, 2011, p. 90). The temperatures gradient (rate of temperature change with horizontal distance) is steeper in winter within summer, which reflects the more contrast in radiation stability in winter. (Hess, 2011, g. 91). Useful resource

Hess, M. (2011). Mcknight’s Physical Geography; A Landscapes Appreciation. (10th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.


1 . What explains the different temperature habits of St . Louis and Oakland? Response. The routine most linked to the temperature difference is land-water contrasts. Property heats and cools faster and more extremely than normal water. With Oakland next to the Pacific Ocean and St . Paillette centralized upon land inside the Continental Usa, this response makes more sense.

2 . Why is the warmest month of summer time different in St . Paillette and Oakland? Answer. The winds coming off the ocean in Oakland keep the summer season cooler compared to the summers you would probably experience in St . John. With St . Louis present in the interior of the United States and not near the ocean, the land which it sits on heats up faster and gets to a higher temp than a identical city near a water surface controlled by the same insolation. (Hess, 2011, p. 81).


Hess, D. (2011). Mcknight’s Physical Geography; A Panoramas Appreciation. (10th ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.

three or more. Why does St . Louis have colder winters than Norfolk?

Answer. With Norfolk next to the Atlantic Sea while St Louis is usually centralized in the United States, the temps in winter identify due to St Louis not near an ocean to help mitigate the crisp winter seasons and Norfolk does. Area cools quicker than drinking water. Water harnesses the heat from the sun throughout the spring and summer months and slowly produces that heat through the ocean air following to systems of terrain if there is virtually any. This helps reduce the city of Norfolk by not experiencing winter like settings just like St . Paillette.

4. When compared to Oakland, Norfolk has a extremely “continental temperatures pattern. Why? Answer. Wind patterns between the two urban centers is what makes the. Oakland’s wind flow pattern comes off the maritime climate, a climate very much modified simply by oceanic influences. Typical characteristics include comparatively small diurnal and seasonal temperature variant, and improved precipitation as a result of more wet air. (Allaby

1999). Norfolk however has a mainly continental local climate, a weather characterized by hot summers, frosty winters, and little rainfall, typical of the interior of the continent. (Encyclopedia Britannica Online). Norfolk’s westerly winds arrive off the continent. Resources

Allaby, M. (1999). Maritime Local climate. In Ocean going Climate. Recovered from http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O13-maritimeclimate.html Continental Climate. (n. m. ). In Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Recovered from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/134841/continental-climate

5. What explains the in heat patterns between Fairbanks and St . John? Answer. Wind patterns explains the different temp patterns between your two towns. Fairbanks is at the extremely easterlies pattern while St . Louis is at the westerlies wind style.

6. What explains the difference in temp patterns between Fairbanks and Nome? Solution. Nome, O VE is up coming to the water while Fairbanks, AK can be centralized within the state. Land cools more rapidly than water. Water harnesses the heat from the sun through the spring and summer months and slowly launches that warmness through the ocean air next to systems of property if there is any. This helps reduce the city of Nome via not experiencing winter like settings including Fairbanks.

several. Why does Lihue have a compact annual temperatures range than Oakland? Answer. This is thanks because of the Land-water contrast design. Lihue is definitely surrounded by the Pacific Ocean therefore has drier waters frequently around it year round when Oakland is usually next to a body of water, although it does have land mass big enough around it to differentiate the air temperature a lot more than Lihue.

eight. What points out the difference in temperature habits between Lihue and Kilauea? Answer. The difference in heat patterns among Lihue and Kilauea is due to altitude. Kilauea is 364m above imply sea level and Lihue is 31m above mean sea level. With the elevations of the two cities, the phase big difference can be computed by the normal lapse rate of 6. 5oC to


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