Types of digital payment systems essay

Essay Topic: Credit card, Goods services,

Paper type: Finance,

Words: 1367 | Published: 04.23.20 | Views: 411 | Download now


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Together with the advent of shopping online, most modern businesses have used a considerable amount in order to ply all their goods and services to consumers with no latter being forced to leave the safety of their homes or check out a business establishment for any product or service that they need. Since E-Commerce has become prevalent, businesses have had to develop ways to facilitate payment digitally. The types of electronic payment devices are mentioned in this daily news, as well as just how each mode of repayment plays a part in Ecommerce nowadays.

The benefits and disadvantages of these types of electronic repayment systems to both the consumer and the businesses are also reviewed.

Classifications of Electronic Repayment Systems

Abrazhevich (2001), grouped electronic repayment systems in to two significant categories; digital currency systems and credit-debit systems. Electronic currency is similar to that of the regular money that people use.

Abrazhevich (2001) likened digital cash because “tokens that represent genuine monetary value, very much like banknotes affect the worth of the actual paper cash that we employ. With this product, the customers make use of smart card devices and online cash systems to pay for whatsoever goods or services they would like to buy online. Mondex, Chipper, and Proton are some examples of key card systems although Netcash, Ecash, and Millicent are instances of online money systems.

Electronic Currency Devices

Smart credit cards are similar to credit cards but they include a chip inlayed in the greeting card which stores the user’s account information, along with how much electronic digital cash is left within the smart card. Clients are generally instructed to charge cash into their intelligent cards in advance, either by transferring cash from their savings account or getting token credit by adding actual funds to their smart card account. This kind of feature provides helped smart cards slowly gain reputation because it works less of your risk for the consumer to accumulate thousands in debt, both by overspending, or in case their card comes into the incorrect hands.

On-line cash systems, or e-cash are similar to key card system only that they were developed primarily to provide anonymity pertaining to the customer. With it, on-line shoppers should purchase goods or services and never have to divulge any longer information about themselves than they have to. The lax security requirements of on the web cash devices can pose a lot of problems intended for financial organizations, particularly money laundering problems. The banking companies also have to keep a massive databases, which generally impedes development and popularity of the types of systems.

Credit-debit Systems

Credit-debit systems will be described simply by Abrazevich (2001) as being showed by figures in a user’s bank account. These kinds of numbers will be then transmitted between the business and the client in an electronic manner, typically using the internet. This type of system can further be subdivided into generic devices, specialized devices, and credit-debit systems. Paypal, NetCheque and NetBill happen to be kinds of universal systems. Particular Systems may also be referred to as email based systems. MasterCard, Cirrus, and Visa Electron are some examples of credit-debit systems.

General credit-debit systems like Paypal, for example , executes payment digesting for on the web merchants and other commercial institutions on the net for a selected fee. On the net merchants avail of these kinds of services since it is actually cheaper than having their own electronic repayment processing program installed.

Specialized systems mainly use email and funds transfer intended for the aide of their on the net transactions. The web merchant informs and communicates with the customer through email and gives the client instructions means pay for the products or providers that the buyer availed of.

Credit-debit systems, or credit cards and debit cards are probably the most frequently used means of repayment for E-Commerce transactions. Abrazhevich (2001) however wrote regarding the downsides of applying credit and debit cards to get online ventures:

The history of credit cards, on the other hand, demonstrates distinct problems. Even though being broadly used in various applications as well as competing with cash in a few countries, credit cards could not enough time reputation of a great insecure and untrustworthy payment method. This is happening as a result of continuous problems of scam and counterfeiting of bank cards that bring about many failures for credit card owners, banks, vendors, piling up to enormous numbers of bank cards frauds every year. Therefore , it really is no surprise that this results in low trust of vendors and consumers of credit cards being a payment technique. (p. 82)

Financial Mediating Systems

Abrazhevich (2001) generally describes mediating systems while “systems that offer bill payments for companies and end users. These financial mediaries offer their particular payment mechanism solutions to let online distributors to accept payments from customers via the internet. Abrazhevich (2001) had written the following regarding mediating alternatives:

The payment process in this case is usually transparent to users in the site, who perceive that they will be paying in it, when in reality a mediating provider ‘intercepts’ payments from users, processes these people and charges accounts with the owner with the site when the authorization and transactions happen to be completed. (p. 84)

Protection in Digital Payment Systems

For on-line sellers, basically adapting some type of electronic payment processing system would not be enough. There are several concerns to consider when obtaining some form of electronic digital payment system. The most important thing to consider would have to be security for the two business and the customer. Every one of the types of electronic payment systems have some type of protection matter the fact that both the business and the buyer have to take into account. Although credit cards are the main means of doing business online, the threat of fraud, and counterfeiting of credit cards nonetheless pose an important threat. The threat is probably the only to get use of credits cards via replacing genuine paper cash. No matter what ensure of secureness the financial institutions and the on-line merchants make sure them, people are still not wanting to freely use their credit cards to purchase goods and services online.

It can nice to think of the convenience that online shopping produces in the consumer. With just the click of a mouse, consumers can sit at the comfort of their own homes and pay to get whatever goods or services that they would like to avail of. Nevertheless , it is extremely overwhelming that someplace else in the world, an individual is also in the comfort of his or her own house and increasing access to you credit card data. The fear of hackers intercepting their credit card information whilst they are shopping online is probably precisely what is keeping business online to blossom. Although online marketers are very good nowadays, this cannot be denied that these types of businesses could thrive even more if the threat of on the net fraud can be eliminated.

Although generally proved to be a secure means to transact business online, economic mediating systems still aren’t immune from security dangers. As long as cyber criminals are available, no information shared more than a network connection is ever before safe. The financial mediating systems continuously have to discover new ways of securely encrypting the information shared between the businesses and the buyers in order to fully gain their very own trust and allow E-Commerce to burgeon.


Abrazhevich, M. (2001). Classification and Qualities of Electronic digital Payment Devices. In Electric Commerce and Web Systems: Second International Conference, EC- Web 2001 (pp. 81-84). Munich: Springer.

Papameletiou, D. (1999). Study on Electronic Payment Systems to get the Panel on Economic and Budgetary Affairs and Industrial Plan of the Euro Parliament. Sevilla: I. S. T. S.

Gollmann, D. (1994). An Efficient Electronic Payment System Guarding Privacy. In Computer Protection ” ESORICS 94: Third European Symposium on Study in Computer system Security, Brighton, United Kingdom year 1994 Proceedings (pp. 207-210). U. K.: Springer Verlag


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