Nursing Theory Analysis Essay
Intro As nurses, it is important to possess a basic knowledge of the nursing jobs practice by reflecting in various medical theories and principles used across a variety of clinical settings. Nursing hypotheses serve as the inspiration or the standards of the nursing profession. Through this paper, I am going to discuss two theories – the Health Opinion Model as well as the Social Intellectual Theory – and their significance to the breastfeeding practice.
Well being Belief Unit The Health Perception Model, commonly abbreviated since HBM, is known as a psychological model that forecasts and points out health behaviours of individuals depending on their philosophy and attitudes towards a particular health-related issue. This theory explains that the individual’s philosophy and perceptions about particular health problems, self-efficacy, barriers, and benefits to perceived action help create health-promoting tendencies. It was produced in the 1950s simply by US sociable psychologists Kegels, Rosenstock & Hochbaum in answer to the not successful nationwide tuberculosis screening program (Thurmond & Popkess-Vawter, 2003).
The primary statements and assumptions of the Health Opinion Model is that a health-related action should be adhered as it could help avoid the likelihood of unfavorable health conditions, just like chronic ailments and infectious conditions. When individuals get positive anticipations over a specific health-promoting action, they can in that case avoid the incident of adverse health conditions (Potter & Perry, 2006). Putting on the Health Idea Model in to practice It is believed the Health Belief Model is an essential model used in the breastfeeding process linked to health promotion and education, as well as condition prevention and protection. It is utilized to illustrate various wellness protective activities within the primary, secondary, and tertiary degree of health care.
This kind of framework serves as the basis for helping people engage in primary and supplementary illness reduction. For instance, once nurses offer specific instructions to educate individuals that disorders could be prevented, this is part of the primary elimination that is connected with increasing the health-promoting activities of the populace. If the registered nurse, on the other hand, trains an ill patient about how a certain disease should be cured, and the things be avoided to stop the disease via getting a whole lot worse, this is section of the secondary standard of prevention that is certainly associated with stopping negative health issues (Thurmond & Popkess-Vawter, 2003).
Accordingly, by giving primary and secondary prevention, the patients’ perceived rewards will likely increase their anticipatory actions and minimize health risks linked to their circumstances (Bandura, 2009). Another good example of a Wellness Belief Unit applied in nursing practice, is every time a nurse makes a discharge preparing education for any patient clinically determined to have heart disease. By letting the patient understand before release the importance of undergoing standard monitoring and follow-up, as well as teaching the individual to reduce risk-taking behaviors, it might help increase a patient’s well being awareness and maybe reduce readmissions in the future.
Nevertheless most importantly, the nurse must help the individual become accepting of the belief that release health educations could enhance self-efficacy and improve the total quality of life. It is crucial to note that the Health Perception Model is usually entirely dependent on the potential of the registered nurse to produce important interventions to stimulate the cognitive ball of the people in terms of their very own health philosophy and tradition (Potter & Perry, 2006). By comprehending the patient’s personal values, traditions, and family history and ancestors the nurse could tentatively formulate how the patient sights or allows a disease state.
Finally, rns must discover how to create concerns that could help identify or explore the patient’s perception about the illness or disease, so that they would have a more concrete floor idea regarding the beliefs and attitudes surrounding health-associated matters of the sufferer. With the help of the Belief Model, nurses could positively and effectively take part in health education with correct understanding of specific perceptions, principles, and perceptions toward a particular disease becoming addressed. Social Cognitive Theory The Cultural Cognitive Theory is a learning theory based on the belief that individuals may learn fresh behaviors or perhaps skills simply by observing other folks (Sandoval, 2008).
These newly learned behaviors can be central to the advancement one’s character or group of skills essential for his or her occupation. While it is usually believed the fact that environment in which a person gets older or turns into affiliated to may contribute to the development of learning and behavior, the knowledge or the genuine learning procedure is also very important to the purchase of new behaviours and behaviour. Proponents from the Social Intellectual Theory state that people could learn simply by observing other people, with the help of environmental surroundings, and through behaviors while the main elements for influencing human advancement (Miller, 2005).
Application of Interpersonal Cognitive Theory into nursing practice With this theory, you will find five key concepts including modeling/learning, end result expectations, development of self-efficacy, self-regulation, and goal setting tools. Among these five elements, the most important component for tendencies acquisition may be the modeling/learning procedure. That is extremely important for the nursing profession. According to the Sociable Cognitive Theory, effective modeling educates tactics and basic rules necessary for dealing with numerous life situations (Bandura, 2009).
This is just like how the scholar nurses master nursing skills during their college or university years. Once student nurses started dealing with their scientific instructors, who are listed and practicing nurses, they are really being taught new nursing strategies so that they could learn how to cope with different nursing roles and practices in a wide range of medical settings and patient populations (Miller, 2005). The Social Cognitive Theory serves as helpful tips for college student nurses to acquire new medical skills they could use inside their profession.
For instance , student rns learn the significance of hand cleaning and clean and sterile gloving strategy before engaging in surgeries off their nurse teachers. But they could not the proper strategy of palm washing and gloving if their instructors will not imitate or demonstrate the step-by-step technique of doing it (Bandura, 2009). This is an excellent example of discovered behavior through direction declaration of one other individual, which can be one of the primary concepts of the Social Cognitive Theory.
In accordance to Sandoval (2008), the application of Social Cognitive Theory may effectively support student healthcare professionals develop particular skills they need throughout their particular nursing job. Conclusion The Belief Model and the Interpersonal Cognitive Theory both enjoy an important role for the professional medical practice. From the discussions above, we have learned that the Health Opinion Model targets the ability of nurses to teach patients regarding health thinking to help promote standard of living while the Cultural Cognitive Theory centers on learning or perhaps acquiring additional skills.
Student nursing staff may study new nursing skills simply by observing all their clinical instructors about the correct manner of doing issues (Potter & Perry, 2006). Both of the theories get their respective importance and features for a career in nursing, and they could be considered as a pair of the main helping principles from the nursing practice – one focuses on well being promotion and illness elimination and the various other focuses on learning skills needed by nurses to address sufferer needs. When ever both of these ideas are efficiently utilized, rns could have increased confidence and level of education to support patients and turn into competent within their practice.