Psychology of criminals in correctional term paper

Essay Topic: Mental health, Mental illness,

Words: 610 | Published: 03.17.20 | Views: 104 | Download now

Health Psychology, Probation, Leitspruch, Rehabilitation

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Research from Term Paper:

There is adequate evidence in the literature promoting environmental, familial and socio-economic causes intended for mental disease among the incarcerated, including insufficient familial support, financial position or access to quality health care (Pustilnik, 2005). Among the more prevalent illnesses that temporarily abate but generally become even worse after relieve provided those incarcerated obtain therapeutic treatment in penitentiary include despression symptoms, anxiety and drug and alcohol dependence (Pustilnik, 2005; Bowers, 2000).

It is Bowers (2000) in reality that combines the research of others suggesting that mental illness is very much for most social in nature; therefore a criminal who gets parole and provided adequate therapeutic support on relieve is likely to perform well in contemporary society, whereas individual who is still left to their personal devices is likely to exhibit a worsening of symptoms. Persons on examen who get no therapeutic support may demonstrate increasing mental health issues especially in the type of anxiety disorders, depressive disorder and drug or liquor dependence (Bowers, 2000).


The government has become slow to implement regulations or different decisions regarding criminals that become psychologically or mentally ill resulting from incarceration (Lawrence, 1987). There are laws which provide for take care of outpatients who are on probation, in an attempt to help them comply with medication requirements as a result of mental health problems that may develop following incarceration (Gutterman, 2000). Kendra’s Law is one of a rules that enables family, caregivers or others linked to a person on probation the ability to seek out arrest somebody who fails to take their particular medication improperly, resulting in unconscious commitment to prison (Gutterman, 2000). This kind of act or law can be not deemed a form of penalization, but rather a procedure for ensuring individuals who receive probation but have a mental condition are not in danger and do not act out and present a danger to people in the community.

A person in probation is likely to make additional criminal offenses if they will suffer from mental illness just before incarceration (Pustilnik, 2005). An individual who receives leitspruch and who has had restorative intervention might be their incarceration may be much less at risk intended for future wrongdoing, but this may not be always the case, for as Pustilnik notes, as much as 30% or more with the population continues to be incarcerated simply because they are psychologically ill, and the remains a fiscal inefficiency in society that fails to support the demands of these individuals (Pustilnik, june 2006, p. 217). For these persons, life in prison might appear more appealing than life outside the house, for at least when incarcerated that they live several semblance of normalcy, and are encouraged and led in a direction that teaches these people of their own social value, when a therapeutic or medical model is adopted within the legal justice system (Pustilnik, 2005). There is a superb potential for change if individuals in power within correctional facilities pay more attention to the needs of criminals whilst incarcerated; if perhaps provided options for remedy, on release former criminals are much more likely to combat mental illness properly and bring about society.


Bowers, D. (2000). The social characteristics of mental illness. Nyc:


Gutterman, J. (2000). Waging a war on medications: Administering a lethal dose to Kendra’s Law. Fordham Literary Assessment, 68(1): 2401-2402.

Lawrence, T. W. (1987). Decision making in the capital penalty trial: An analysis of crime and defense approaches. Law and Human Tendencies, 11(1): 133-125.

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