Theoretical orientation my personal orientation

Essay Topic: Carl Rogers,

Paper type: Other,

Words: 1701 | Published: 04.20.20 | Views: 393 | Download now

Assumptive Framework, Gestalt Therapy, Carl Rogers, Rest

Excerpt from Essay:

Theoretical Orientation

My personal positioning lies in Gestalt (Fritz Perls), Person Focused (Carl Rogers) and Truth Therapy (William Glasser) psychotherapy.

What do you observe as enough time frame of counseling? Will you be more oriented to the past, present, or perhaps future?

I actually am oriented to present; yet , I believe that lots of problems may come from the earlier. Therefore , the past must be mentioned at some point.

To consider this one step further, do you really believe guidance is intended to work on current issues and feelings or help people with issues and feelings from the past? Or perhaps, do you believe people need to pay attention to their long term feelings, thoughts and manners.

I believe people should give attention to their current issues 1st. However , every individual are different. Consequently , therapy must be aim at individuals’ need.


What is your look at of people? Do you really believe folks are essentially good, bad, or perhaps neutral? I think people could be essentially very good

Do you consider clients are good people with concerns to work out? Generally yes.

Conversely, are the clients poor people with a natural defect that will need counseling? Will be people anywhere in between, including good people who do bad points?

Clients are all sorts of people who have many different problems that requires guidance


Who may be in charge? Is a counselor in control of the therapy or is the function shared evenly with the client? Counselor could be in charge initially, then the part can be shared equally

In case the role can be shared, how much of it belongs to the client and exactly how much belongs to the counselor? In case the counselor is within charge, just how is that founded? How do you perspective your part as a counselor? Are you an expert, consultant, or friend? Aussehen therapists use a number of different “hats” in a therapeutic relationship, differing from time to time and over time since the needs of the client change.


What do you want your customer to learn? Is a emphasis of counseling to find insight, actions, or both? Both.

Are you comfortable with clientele leaving therapies with perception about their manners and thoughts? Yes

Do you really pay attention to thoughts, feelings, behaviors, or every one of them? All of them

Up coming, students can describe their very own emerging assumptive orientation and describe:


The rationale for selecting the theory which includes key points in the theory because applied to a hypothetical consumer of your choosing.

The selection of aussehen theory while conceptualized by simply Fritz Perls, person-centered therapy as articulated by Carl Rogers and William Glasser’s Reality Remedy was depending on their particular strengths (as discussed even more below) as well as their basis in building my personal counselling orientation. The respective assumptive concepts and ideas which might be unique to these theories happen to be applied to a hypothetical consumer below.


Theoretical concepts / suggestions unique to the theory. The hypothetical client of interest with this case newspaper is a 61-year-old Vietnam combat veteran called “Brad” (ofcourse not his genuine name), a medically retired staff sgt with several physical disabilities as well as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Brad’s physical disabilities include a serious traumatic head injury, joined right rearfoot and broken right femur (which shortened his correct left 1-1/2 inches), and a shortened left femur (performed to even his leg lengths to treat his back pain) and several connected orthopedic comorbidities that negatively affect his quality of life.

Through the years, Brad features experienced many of the events that characterize the lives of returning overcome veterans, which include problems with drug abuse, maintaining human relationships (he has been married three times), a few encounters while using law enforcement and criminal proper rights communities (two DUIs if he was youthful after his divorces) and suicide ideations from time to time. Although he is still employed regular as an accountant, Brad reviews increasing problems remaining in his office for lengthy periods of time as a result of back complications and a stiff neck of the guitar. At this point in the life, Brad is in search of help with his physical limits as well as in preserving his current relationship together with his wife, children and grandchildren. In addition , Anthony is concerned about his periodic suicidal thoughts. Considered together, Anthony presents which has a complex set of circumstances that will need a particular approach to remedy as explained further listed below.

Gestalt (Fritz Perls). Relating to Shane (2005), Fritz Perls produced gestalt remedy I cooperation with his wife, Laura, and Paul Goodman. The gestalt therapy came up with by Perls and his co-workers involves the interactions that take place among different levels of conscious and unconscious. For therapeutic surgery, these interactions optimally presume the form of recalling and recording nocturnal dreaming and nightmare symptoms in various techniques, including conveying the events narratively, writing, attracting, or art work them or otherwise making their content well-known in the mindful waking globe (Flagg, 2004). According to Flagg, “This engaging in discussion between conscious and unconscious can be taken to another level, by searching of a dream symbol, in conversation in a dream, dream or re-dream, to understand all their potential meaning” (2004, s. 64).

This can be one of the critical theoretical principles that underpin current gestalt therapy. For example, in “Gestalt Therapy Verbatim, ” Perls “assumes that many dream symbol represents a lot of aspect of the dreamer, and asks a participant to ‘become’ the dream tree, or puppy, or person, and connect what it means to become that desire symbol” (Flagg, 2004, l. 63). This theoretical way is congruent with the aussehen perspective that perceptual experience are intrinsically holistic and organized events (Wagermans, Feldman, Gepshtein, Kimchi, Pomerantz van der Helm, 2012).

Person Concentrated (Carl Rogers). According to Uebel (2007), “The humanist and Gestalt psychologists Carl Rogers and Fritz Perls provided the intellectual as well as practical surface from which such important advancements as ‘confluent education’ as well as the ‘live classroom’ sprang” (p. 326). Just like Perls, Rogers’ theoretical foundation is also depending on a holistic point of view of the individual. In this regard, Uebel advises that, “This ‘live classroom’ is predicated on the understanding of the whole (or Gestalt), on integrating feelings with expérience, on recognition (of do it yourself and other or object), and experiencing through contact” (2007, p. 327). There were there conditions proposed as “necessary and sufficient” for restorative change in Rogers’ theory of client-centered guidance: (a) accord, (b) genuinenes and (c) unconditional positive regard (Wickman Campbell, 2010). According to Wickman and Campbell, “This theoretical structure provides the educational foundation for most counselor education programs” (2010, p. 179).

Reality Therapy (William Glasser). Similar to drawing a map of where a client wants to proceed, Reality Therapy developed by William Glasser supplies a framework in which clients can easily map out their very own goals and collaborate with their Reality Remedy counselor to distinguish what steps will business lead them right now there. For instance, relating to Mauzey (2008), Truth Therapy is a problem-solving therapies model in order to people to recognize what they want and create a plan which will help them get what they want” (p. 62). According to Peterson (2009), Glasser’s Truth Therapy is similar to Maslow’s hierarchy of requirements framework for the reason that people have certain basic demands that must be pleased in order for them to survive and prosper. For this purpose, Glasser identifies 4 needs:

1 . Love and Belonging: Glasser states that “in practice, the most important require is love and belonging”);

installment payments on your Power: “Power is the have to feel important and be identified. It is not electrical power or control over other people”);

3. Liberty: The freedom need refers to that sense of obtaining control over issues that influence peoples’ lives – the freedom to make options, to have choices, and not to feel caught or stuck is essential to one’s emotional well-being;

4. Fun: The pleasure received from carrying out a job does not satisfy the need for fun will need – entertaining has to be a division by work and resemble childlike play (Peterson, 2009, s. 42).

By simply assessing zero these requires, Reality Remedy counselors can help patients identify opportunities and create on their strengths to overcome these limitations in their lives. In this regard, Peterson advises that, “Reality Remedy counselors consider needs while pathways that contribute to emotional strength” (p. 42). The essential process found in Reality Therapy is fairly easy: “Counselors search for and assist their clientele in discovering voids in their lives which might be the result of unmet needs. Counselors question clients to determine that they satisfy each one of the psychological needs” (Peterson, 2009, p. 42). For this purpose, Glasser recommends individuals ask themselves the next questions and take the following advice because points of leaving for further examination:

1 . Always ask yourself what you need. Then ask yourself if you really want this, and are you ready to perform whatever it takes to get it.

2 . Always consider if what you want is usually achievable (Parish Mahoney, 2009, p. 367).

It is important to notice that the Fact Therapy procedure is certainly not a planned set of treatment options for a defined duration, although is rather a great iterative procedure that could conceivably be implemented for a lifetime

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