12 Angry Men by Sidney Lumet Essay
In neuro-scientific psychology and psychiatry, the trend has always been towards individual therapy.
The trend in psychoanalysis features always concentrated in the man or woman who the individual part and participation in world has been regarded as supplementary. However , recently the trend has become moving towards the group with consideration to a individual’s psychology having total bearing to the manner in which he interacts and participates in his society. Irvin D. Yalom has stated that there are 12 therapeutic elements involved in group psychotherapy. To be able to fully understand these types of concepts, research of the film 12 Furious Men will be analyzed in the point of view of Yalom’s factors. The movie 12 Angry Men by Sidney Lumet is about a court of 12 men trying to decide the fate of the 18 yr old boy that has been charged of murdering his individual father.
The whole movie happens in the court room exactly where all doze men are locked inside until such time a unanimous decision has been come to. The movie begins with 10 of the people of the jury voting the child is usually guilty. The storyline then centers on the procedure by which the 12th member, played by Henry Fonda, is able to replace the verdict right into a not guilty decision. The movie becomes a perfect sort of Yalom’s elements as well as group therapy while the dynamics that arise within the group slowly displays how every person’s subjective psychology and personality is definitely brought into the interaction from the crew which eventually finalizes your decision of the group.
4 of Yalom’s factors happen to be most evident in the film – Group Cohesiveness, Social Learning, and Catharsis and Existential elements. Group cohesiveness. There are two kinds of cohesiveness and what differentiates both is the reason for which that group stays collectively. The two kinds are emotion-related and process related. Emotion-related is the kind of group combination founded on emotional connection and feelings people have pertaining to the other members from the crew.
Task-related combination is founded on the desired goals that the group has arranged for themselves as well as the achievement of such goals is what makes the group cohesive. Regarding 12 Upset Men, the only similarity why these 12 mankind has is that they are typical members from the jury in this particular circumstance. In the beginning, since each member makes its way into the room, an analysis of previous jury tasks are discussed and this responsibility served as a commonality among all the people of the jury.
This commonality is a superficial factor that added to the group’s combination. The main component is that they every share the same goal which is to reach a verdict. The cohesion from the crew is further enforced by the fact that the door is locked and the group cannot keep until such time that they all acknowledge the decision without competition. The locked door forced them to become cohesive and also the duty to decide on the fate of the 18year old boy. Interpersonal Learning.
Interpersonal learning can be attained with possibly an insight of information, where people study from the feedback that the additional members in the group give, or coming from an output of information where the environment offers an outlet in which members may interact with one another openly and adaptively. Without the output Social Learning, the ability for the members to open up will be hindered and so input sociable learning will probably be greatly limited as the individuals will hold all their thoughts and not give the right feedback required for the others in order to learn from the knowledge. In the case of the movie, the initial environment was good to any from the jury people to open up.
As a matter of fact, the original environment was quite indifferent to the level of inhospitable. The violence burst on as one member dissented in the majority political election. This same aspect that caused the hatred, however , is the same aspect that came up with the environment pertaining to the people of the jury to open up. Because of Henry Fonda’s figure who declined to give a guilty consensus, a discussion ensued which allowed every single person for the reason that jury to provide his thinking as to why a guilty verdict should be determined upon.
With every single justification, more information has out by people that the others give a reaction. This kind of reaction is the feedback required for individuals to learn from. In the group there are passive members who only listen instead of fully taking part in the interaction. Although, they will remain passive, learning remains to be occurring.
Throughout the interaction in the others in the group, individuals are allowed to evaluate their own philosophy passively regarding the discussion going on. This passivity was the majority of apparent inside the characters of John Fiedler (Juror #2), Edward Binns (Juror #6) and Robert Webber (Juror #12). They were not completely active in the discussion but whose decisions were deduced on the learning that happened due to the connection of the other members around them. Catharsis.
Catharsis is a purging of strong feelings regarding the past or the present. There are other ways to achieve simulation. Some express their feelings through art and books. The most common, however , is just just talking about it and having a good cry about the situation. When it comes to a group, catharsis can occur through the constant interaction that comes into a group.
In a way, to fully accomplish catharsis in a group setting, interpersonal learning is required. It is just through an environment when people happen to be open and they are allowed to give feedbacks that the opportunity to release strong thoughts occur. In the movie, doze Angry Males, a lot of the jurors have their own personal problems.
The characters of Lee Cobb (Juror #3), Jack Klugman (Juror #6), Ed Begley (Juror #10) and George Voskovec (Juror #11) all had solid emotions grounded in their earlier that was brought to the fore due to case with the 18 yr old boy plus the discussion to get to a consensus. Klugman, Begley and Voskovec’s issues were mainly grounded in elegance and prejudice. Klugman had issues regarding slum kids being discriminated as bad guys when he was brought up in the slums; Begley based on his experiences, a new strong misjudgment against poor people; while Voskovec’s issues handle the fact that like the poor he is being discriminated as a foreigner/immigrant.
One who obtained the most powerful catharsis was the character of Cobb offers he experienced problems with his own son and was still being having problems along with his son. With Cobb, he was trying to get his anger toward his boy out on the 18 year old boy who also he discovered ungrateful for killing his father. This individual didn’t proper care much regarding the facts but cared just of accurate his payback towards ungrateful children for the accused. While using constant deliberation as to the verdict, eventually, the truth came out and he was able to fully free his thoughts and give a rational judgement of simple. His break down was a sign of his complete simulation regarding the matter of his kid as this kind of showed the realization of his difficulty as well as the launch of it.
Existential factors. Existential factors refer to the group’s acceptance of life duties. Initially, the jury has not been accepting the responsibility of deciding on the life in the 18 yr old boy.
That they casually made the decision that having been guilty since they had better activities to do. It is only Holly Fonda’s personality that made them know the the law of gravity of their decision. He exclusively made them accept the group’s responsibility over the your life and death of an 18 year old boy.
As this is accepted, the group in earnest could weigh the pros and disadvantages of the condition, re-assess the truth in depth as well as analyze their selves and their own lives and help to make a true decision based on all these factors that affect both their life and the existence of the charged boy. In conclusion, the trend in psychology can be changing via individual psychoanalysis to group psychotherapy and rightly so as in the present group interaction and group mechanics can be found in virtually any institution of society. In addition, these groups have a great bearing for the lives from the people the two as people as well as a entire society.
Film production company 12 Furious Men is a perfect example of the necessity of group psychotherapy as well as among the how the beneficial factors operate a given condition for a group. Sometimes, these factors happen to be unconsciously refrained from the presence of a supervisor or counselor because witnessed in the movie. Despite, the movie indicates how important it is to have group psychotherapy and there is times in which a group can decide on whether or not a person ought to continue living or must be punished by simply death.