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Essay Topic: Chinese language,

Paper type: Foodstuff,

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Culture, Foodstuff

??????????? Differences Between Chinese and Western Meals Culture?????????? Summary Food takes on an critical role in the development of world and the improvement of human civilization. It is an essential requirement for human being existence. Nevertheless , different nations have different foodstuff and foodstuff habits.

That is because they have several culture, specifically food culture. Only within the context of every individual tradition can food and foodstuff habits always be best realized.

This thesis expounds quite function of food lifestyle between diverse countries’ ethnic communication simply by analyzing Chinese and Traditional western food tradition. By examining these differences, we can boost our capability in cultural communication. Foodstuff culture is known as a special ethnic phenomenon. By the process of people’s studies, people know foodstuff culture in one side towards the study of numerous culture experience, customs and historical environments.

This thesis endeavors to investigate the cultural differences and their root causes in Chinese language and Traditional western food cultures from the point of view of principle, etiquette and content, and points out that with the advancement cross-cultural conversation, more connection and discussion will happen between Chinese language and traditional western food nationalities and they will develop together. Keywords: value getting pregnant, feature, social grace, Chinese food culture, traditional western food lifestyle (?:?? approximately for five?,???????,??????,???,?????,???,???????,????????? )??????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????,????????????????????,???????,?????????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????,?????????,?????????,?????????,??????:??,?,?,???,??? (??????????,?? 3-5?,???????,??????,???,???????,????????? ) Contents Abstracti? ii 1 ) Introduction1 installment payments on your Different Values in Oriental and American Food Culture1. 1 Collectivism in Chinese food culture1 2 . 1 ) 1 Group orientation1 2 . 1 . two Collective alignment in China food culture2 2 . 2 Individualism in western meals culture2 2 . 2 . you Individualistic orientation2 2 . 2 . 2 Individualistic orientation in western foodstuff culture3 3. Different Features in Chinese and Western Food Culture3 3. 1 Luxury in Chinese3 3. 2 Simplicity in western food culture3 some. Different Social grace in Oriental and Western Food Culture4 4. you Different time-conceptions in Chinese language and western food culture4 4. 1 ) 1 “M-time and “P-time4 4. 1 . 2 Lateness in Chinese food culture4. 1 . several Punctuality in western foodstuff culture5 some. 2 Diverse seating arrangement5 4. installment payments on your 1 The south and north with capacity of arrangement in Chinese food culture5 four. 2 . 2 The right and left seats arrangement in western meals culture6 your five. Different Consents in Chinese language and Traditional western Food Culture6 5. you Different drink in China and traditional western food culture6 5. 1 ) 1 Alcohol and tea in Chinese food culture6 5. 1 . 2 The wine and beer in american countries7 a few. 2 Several main foodstuff in Chinese and western food culture7 5. several Different fête course in Chinese and western meals culture8 your five.. 1 Banquet course in China8 your five. 3. 2 Banquet study course in american food culture8 5. 5 Different tableware in Chinese and traditional western food culture9 5. 4. 1 Chopsticks in Oriental food culture9 5. 4. 2 Shell and cutlery in western food culture9 5. 5 Different delicacies naming10 5. 5. 1 Cuisine naming in China10 5. 5. 2 Delicacies naming in western meals culture11 a few. 6 Diverse healthy conceptions in Chinese and traditional western food culture11 5. 6th. 1 Healthy and balanced conception in Chinese meals culture11 5. 6. two Healthy Conceiving in traditional western food cultures12 6. Conclusion13 Bibliography14 Acknowledgements15?:??????,???????, 1 . your five?????:??????????? (??? )??,???????,??????????,????????,?????,???????,??????????? 1 . Advantages Culture can be described as historical trend. It is the summation of civilization and a mental photo which can be made in the progress of a place’s development. This thesis expounds the important function of foodstuff culture among different ethnicities by analyzing Chinese food and European food. By examining these differences, we are able to improve each of our ability in cultural interaction.

The get in touch with between distinct countries turns into much tighter through the incorporation of a global economy. Concurrently, the ethnic communications be a little more important inside the big length between these two cultures. The distinction among cultural sales and marketing communications become more and even more evident plus the study of Chinese and Western food culture is a crucial part of this. Food can be described as special happening, people having knowledge of food from one area of the examine of different social backgrounds, customs and historic environment simply by study. Everybody knows that different nations will vary cultures.

This kind of thesis focuses on the different foodstuff cultures in Chinese and western countries. Chinese foodstuff culture in this thesis primarily refers to the one in the Han nationality. To be sure, China is a nation with 56 ethnic groups, every single of which possesses its own unique food and food habits. The Han nationality and its lifestyle are the mainstream in China and tiawan due to famous, political and economic reasons. Western meals culture with this thesis is mainly concerned with the British one due to the fact that their cultural pattern and affect have become dominant in the west, which can be generally recognized by world. installment payments on your

Different Ideals in China and Traditional western Food Culture 2 . you Collectivism in Chinese meals culture installment payments on your 1 . you Collective alignment In Cina, collective positioning with deep roots may be traced to ancient time. Confucius points out, “If one wants to build himself, this individual should help others to determine themselves to start with.  through which collectivism is appreciated. “Even the dog swaggers when it is master wins favor displays the fact that everything in China is top quality with collectivism. In this kind of collectivistic tradition, a “we consciousness prevails, and people are required to be interdependent and show conformity to the group’s norms and values.

Group goals generally take precedent over specific goals, as well as the primary value is to seek out harmony with others. Basically, group tranquility is so remarkably valued that obedience to, and conformity with, in groups stresses is program. (Neuliep, 2150: 33) 2 . 1 . a couple of Collective alignment in Oriental food culture This collectivistic orientation also plays an essential role in Chinese foodstuff culture. Normally, Chinese persons would like to take those style of “sharing when they possess a dinner together, whether at home with family members or outside the house with good friends. As Vera Y. N. Hsu details, “The common Chinese dining table is round or sq ..

The ts’ai dishes will be laid inside the center, and participant inside the meal is equipped with a bowl of “fan, some chopsticks, a saucer, and a place. All at a desk take from your ts’ai food as they proceed with the food. Good ingesting manners require each participator take equally from the diverse ts’ai meals, so that every will have the same chance at the dishes.  (Chang, 1977: 304) If the dinner starts off, the number usually displays a menu to friends asking them to order the dish they will like before you make the final decision. When a evening meal comes to an end, individuals always strive to pay the check unless somebody has stated it before hand.

The “truth of sharing reflects almost everywhere from the dinner start to the finish. 2 . 2 Individualism in western foodstuff culture 2 . 2 . one particular Individualistic orientation It is recognized that England tends toward individualism. Individuality refers to the doctrine, spelled out in detail by seventeenth-century British philosopher David Locke, that each individual is unique, special, different from all the other individuals, and “the simple unit of nature. (Samovar 2000: 62) Therefore , in individualistic culture, an “I consciousness dominates, and emphasis is placed on an individual target over group goals.

This value alignment stresses specific initiative and achievement, and individual decision-making is highly liked. 2 . installment payments on your 2 Individualistic orientation in western meals culture American food tradition is characterized by the “separated’ style because of the great influence of the individualistic orientation. It really is contrary to the “sharing style in Chinese foodstuff culture in many ways. For example , americans do not take those ts’ai food from the public plate, but they have separate specific plates. The way of “going Dutch is extensively taken if the bill will be paid, this means everyone will pay his very own share.

The role of individualism in Western food culture can be obvious and its particular influence is usually self-evident. a few. Different Features in Chinese and Western Foodstuff Culture 3. 1 Extravagance in China Chinese foodstuff culture may perhaps be much older than any other sort of food cultures. Few civilizations are because food oriented as China culture. The most frequent example is definitely the greeting used among Chinese people if they encounter: “Have you consumed?  foodstuff plays essential a role in people’s lifestyle that it without doubt becomes an ostentatious way because of face (or “mianzi in China).

So the extravagance and exquisiteness become the primary features of Chinese food. Encounter in China and tiawan involves a claim intended for respect and dignity via others. Losing one’s face is one of the worst ways to damage one’s self-pride. The fête is also inspired by the “face system. They can be no longer a social occasion only for meeting or perhaps eating, but for some extent, a good chance for the host to exhibit off his power and earn his face. The greater expensive or precious the meals is, the greater dignity the host offers, the more the amount of dishes in a banquet, the warmer hospitality can be proven, and the more “face they can earn.

From this sense, formal banquets in China have one thing in prevalent: there should be ample food available. Otherwise the host will suffer face. That leads directly to the extravagant meals culture. a few. 2 Simplicity in traditional western food tradition Compared with luxurious banquets in China, the size of fêtes in western countries is a lot smaller. That is because the belief in food in western countries is mainly focused on function as need for humans survival or a way of conversation.

For example , within a party, the host usually does not make food and drinks and serves some simple food only like cheese, sandwiches, fruits etc . For most Americans, this is a good chance for communication and reunion, or possibly a great event where they will strengthen associations and make new good friends. What they actually care about is the casual, harmonious and joyous ambiance, the maximum liberty and rest they can enjoy at the banquet. 4. Diverse Etiquette in Chinese and Western Meals Culture 4. 1 Distinct time-conceptions in Chinese and western foodstuff culture 4. 1 . “M-time and “P-time Edward Capital t. Hall, who will be well known to get his exploration of time across cultures, proposes that cultures organize time in one of two methods: either monochronic (M-time) or perhaps polychronic (P-time) (Hall, 1989: 46). He also points out that M-time is the feature of people via western countries, while P-time is the attribute of people from Asia, The african continent and Latina America (??, 1999: 93). The two conceptions are incompatible. We can see the sharp distinction between P-time and M-time from the lateness in Oriental food lifestyle and the being on time in western food traditions.. 1 . two Lateness in Chinese meals culture Persons in the P-time cultures do not emphasize organizing by distancing time in fixed sectors. They deal with time being a less tangible medium so that they can interact with several people or get around rather than one thing at a time. Therefore , during these cultures, personal interaction and relationship advancements are far more important than making appointments or perhaps meeting deadline. China is a rustic with P-time. Chinese individuals are usually just a little later than what is timetabled when participating in some pursuits like banquets.

Normally, they would end up being half an hour later. The sponsor will arrange some entertainments, such as handmade cards or chatting. Tea and various sweets like candy, cakes and so forth are offered for the guests who have appeared on time to kill time. Both the host and guest get used to that and would not understand this kind of lateness as an impolite tendencies. However , this conception changes sometimes. Together with the development of cross-cultural communication, more and more Chinese people, especially the fresh, are steadily influenced by M-time in western countries. 4. 1 ) 3 Being on time in american food culture

Unlike China people, persons in M-time cultures are likely to follow exact scheduling. Once the time is set, it is seldom changed, and folks should take that seriously. Generally, everyone is meant to arrive promptly when participating a formal appointment or banquet. It is also suitable that people can be late sometimes, but no more than 10 minutes, normally this behavior will be considered to be inappropriate by both the web host and other friends, and one will have to give a proper justification. The one who have violates the rule of punctuality will probably be punished critically in M-time culture. 4. Different with capacity of arrangement Samovar pointed out that “Culture influences even the manner and meaning in seating arrangement. So with capacity of arrangement is a crucial means of offering different details on sociable status or perhaps interpersonal relations. With regard to seats arrangement within a banquet, presently there exist some major exclusive disparities between Chinese and Western foodstuff culture. some. 2 . you The To the south and north seating agreement in Chinese food lifestyle In Cina, the seat facing south in a banquet is generally regarded as the most important, while the couch facing north is comparatively less crucial.

It is because of traditional Chinese language culture. Customer an old country with a long history of more than five thousand years. There utilized to be a large number of dynasties. Whatever the dynasty, the emperor constantly sat with facing south during the wedding of the noble inauguration or in the process of discussing governmental affairs with ministers. However, the ministers were most facing north when they fulfilled the emperor. Gradually, the term “south have been elevated to a position relatively high in Chinese people’s heads, and it symbolizes the supreme authority, power and position.

In comparison, the position from the word “north is much reduce. Therefore , within a formal banquet, the seats that encounter south undoubtedly will be available to those who are reputable or powerful. 4. 2 . 2 The best and left seating layout in american food traditions In American countries, the seating set up is quite distinct. In the past, one of the most distinguished guests was sitting on the left side of the host. The reason is that in historic times there were many assassinations for political and sociable reasons, and assassins held daggers in their right hands to attack.

It was practical and easier for the host to safeguard the guests who was in the left hand if the assassin attacked. However , with the development of world, this old style of assassination has been vanished for a long time as well as the seating arrangement also altered. Nowadays, what Westerners happen to be most concerned with is the perspective of psychological need rather than physical security when they arrange seats in a banquet. In this way that the seats at the correct side with the host is more honorable compared to the one on the left in the more popular rule. a few. Different Gives permission in Chinese and Western Food Tradition. 1 Distinct drink in Chinese and western foodstuff culture your five. 1 . you Liquor and tea in Chinese meals culture Alcohol and tea are two kinds of key drinks in Han nationality. It is known to all that China is the hometown of tea, and one of the countries which made the earliest make technology in the world. Wine traditions and tea culture possess long history in China and they have become an essential component to Han national food tradition in the past many years. They greatly influence other countries across the world. There are many types of tea and liquor in China.

Different types of tea and liquor have different functions, so people beverage different tea and liquor in different months to keep healthy and balanced. Normally, people drink 3 kinds of tea in 4 seasons. In spring and autumn, people drink tea, which was made of various flowers to make them more beautiful and active. In summer, green tea may be the finest choice. It is a exceptional kind of healthier drink and has many exceptional functions, such as refreshing yourself, removing stress, preventing heatstroke, cooling, looking after eyes and so forth Most people choose black tea in winter because it is fermenting and not belonging to cool.

It can not simply foster your stomach, encourage digestion along with your appetite yet also assistance to strengthen the cardiac muscles. Chinese people always beverage beer in hot summer time and liquor in winter. Alcohol has thousands of year’s history in China and celebrate a unique style in the world. It is fragrantly real and offers flavors. Having a small cup of liquor everyday may promote digestive function, whet appetite and will keep one warm. 5. 1 . 2 The wine and beverage in traditional western countries The grape wine beverage and dark beer are common beverage in european countries. Persons in some cool area also drink sherry everyday to keep themselves nice.

In The uk, bars satisfy your eyes everywhere for the streets and become second living spaces. The United kingdom are authorities in having and dark beer is their exclusive drink. Normally, there are three kinds of beverage which are divided by flavour: Bitter, Basis and Cider. In recent years, it includes come into vogue to drink wine beverage and the wine consumption in Britain is the greatest in the world. Together, juice is usually a very popular beverage in american countries. Usually people beverage juice by breakfast. Juice gets exceptional welcome in Britain, the annual average consumption amounts to nineteen. 1 lt in The uk. 5. Diverse main foodstuff in Chinese language and european food traditions Rice and cooked wheaten food happen to be two primary staple food in the Ryan nationality. The southern and northern areas cultivate grain, and rice has become the primary nourishment during these areas. The northeast and northwest areas cultivate whole wheat and give first place to grilled wheaten meals. Also, some other cereals just like maize, Kaoliang, grain, tuber crop have become staple foodstuff, in different areas as well as coarse cereals. The Han nationality’s staple food have vibrant and various cooking methods and provides hundreds of types of rice and wheat goods.

Nowadays, the northeast locations in Cina still give first place to cooked wheaten food. Meat, milk and bread are definitely the staple meals in traditional western countries. One common meal usually consists of soup, bread and butter. There are also various roasting foods apart from the brown loaf of bread. Another staple food in Western countries is the potato. To westerners, potato can be as important as grain to China. You can typically see that the British maneuver packages of potatoes in shopping buggies in the superstore just like Oriental people buying rice. your five. 3 Diverse banquet course in Chinese and american food lifestyle 5. three or more. Banquet training course in China Generally speaking, an official banquet in China contains six main courses dished up in turn, including a hand menu, cold dish, hot dish, staple meals, soup and dessert. A hand dish is for everyone who arrive early. Usually, it usually consists of candied fruit, traditional cake, great, tea and melon seed. I have mentioned that lateness is the traditional time conception in Cina. The hands plate is done ready for everyone and host when they conversation or perform cards to hold back for different guests. Chilly dishes are usually served as the beginning of a banquet, which often consists of a ariety of small dishes and snacks. Basically, a cold dish is designed for food but also for beauty. Then simply, come the dishes, which are the most weighty and richest part of the entire. Staple meals is also an essential component, which can be rice or perhaps noodle generally. Soup is yet another important training course. Unlike a western banquet, Chinese soup comes as a later program but not initially. Finally, comes dessert, which can be composed of various finely produced cakes, nut products, pastry, fruits etc . Simply after the 6 courses are served can a formal Chinese language banquet have come to an end.

Also, it is interesting to notice that not the same as Chinese fêtes which usually break up right after the last training course is dished up, Westerners might linger for hours after the finished meal in elevated and animated conversations. 5. several. 2 Fête course in Western meals culture A formal banquet in western countries usually comprises four main courses, including soup, a subsidiary dish, a primary dish and dessert. Soup is the initially course, likely because americans want to refresh themselves with some soup before the meal, and choosing soup will help to whet their appetites. The subsidiary dish is the second course.

As well as composed of various kinds of fish for fish is simple to absorb. The main dish is a heavy weight in a Western fête, and it is typically composed of beef, especially beef sticks or fish combined with vegetables. Greens, which is consisting of lettuce, tomato, cucumber and asparagus and so forth dessert arrive lastly. Western dessert comes with all food after the key dish, just like cakes, biscuits, cheese, pies, pudding, fruits, ice cream and so forth Sometimes, persons drink caffeine or tea with sweets and milk while they may have dessert. your five. 4 Several tableware in Chinese and western meals culture your five. 4. Chopsticks in Oriental food traditions In Chinese suppliers it is usually thought that people are a natural part of nature. Many college students pointed out that the regular attitude of Chinese persons toward world or nature is “Oneness between Guy and Mother nature. (?? ) (??, 97: 59) Intoxicated by this alignment, Chinese people attempt a balanced act with nature trying to live in tranquility with this. China is also a traditionally gardening country. Since Chinese persons mainly survive rice and wheat his or her staple foodstuff by creating the cultivated fields, the harvesting of the crops depends on character.

Therefore , in such ethnical context and natural environment, people tend to living and working in peace. The application of chopsticks as the chief tableware can be traced back again as early as the Shang and Chou durations, although hands were most likely used more regularly than chopsticks (Chang, 1977: 35). The moment Chinese persons use chopsticks, they usually seem to be cultivated and their attitudes toward food happen to be gentle and sort. Roland Barthes, a well-known French fictional critic, once talked about the usage of chopsticks, and he remarked that contrary to fork and knife, chopsticks were not accustomed to cut, poke or rute food.

Therefore , “food was not a longer the prey enduring the human beings’ violence yet turned out to be the substance handed harmoniously through them.  (??, 2002: 74) In this sense, chopsticks are the gentle medium between man and food, plus they reflect the harmonious romance between guy and nature. 5. 4. 2 Hand and cutlery in american food lifestyle Many Americans think that folks are dominant over nature. Quite different from China, the ancestors of countless western countries lived by simply hunting as a result of some environmental and historic factors. Of course , meat was their simple food resource and slowly but surely took the location of staple food.

To be able to survive in severe and harsh environments, they tried out their best to become good at hunting, such as the utilization of some weaponry like cutlery, forks and arrows etc to fight with or kill animals. That resulted in the aggressiveness as well as the adventurous perception in their temperaments. Compared with chopsticks, it is not coloring at all to talk about that knife and fork represent the violence and cruelty to food without the concealment. The way of eating in western countries actually demonstrates human’s conquest over nature. 5. 5 Different delicacies naming a few. 5. one particular Cuisine naming in China Cuisine naming in Chinese suppliers differs on your travels.

Generally speaking, you will find three types of cuisine identifying in Chinese suppliers. The initial cuisine identifying method is, according to Teacher Wang Fengxin’s research, the name associated with an ordinary Chinese dish usually contains 4 parts: key ingredients, additional ingredients, method of cutting and way of cooking. They comprise the primary motivation of China cuisine identifying. (Wang, 99: 220) He also feels that the identifying of Chinese language home-style dishes is based on the primary motivation. Take the Chinese food “???, Stir-fried Shredded Pig with Green Pepper for example , its key raw material is inch?, pork, its subsidiary organic material can be “? green pepper, the effect of cutting is usually “?, shred, and its method of cooking is “?, stir-fried. Certainly, its not all Chinese cuisine naming will need to follow the routine of “main ingredients, subsidiary ingredients, trimming method , cooking method. For example , inch??, Fried Screwed up Eggs with Tomato is the pattern of “main ingredients, subsidiary ingredients, cooking method. The second food naming technique is: usually, China people take in for not only consumption but also a great many other purposes. In that situation, they would like to have more sophisticated and elegant names compared to the plain titles for the food served.

The secondary identifying method contains the initiator’s name, the animal’s identity and the plant’s name. In fact, Chinese delicacies naming following initiator’s brand usually involves much China culture or perhaps historical data and the dishes naming following the animal’s brand or plant’s name can provide rise to cultural effects. For example , Oriental people will associate inches??, Dongpo Meat with Tu Dongpo, the initiator of this dish, who had been a renowned poet in Song Empire. It is said that Su Dongpo created this kind of dish if he was relegated to a county.

He do many good stuff for the local people, so they decided to supply the dish a name after him like a kind of commemoration. The dishes “??, Lotus Soup, can remind China people of lotus, which has been taken as a noble plant for its purity and liberty from dirt. Actually, it is just a kind of soup which is created using eggs. In Chinese delicacies naming, inches?  is short for egg-white due to its shape and color. Another cuisine naming method is: in order to attract more customers, several restaurants or hotels provide some common dishes incredibly fantastic brands, which originate from some Oriental legends or perhaps allusions.

For example , the food name inches??, Turtle and Chicken Meat originates from a famous historic allusion in ancient occasions that a renowned general was surrounded by his enemy together to wager an emotional farewell to his much loved concubine. Although the name is actually attractive, the content is nothing at all new at all. 5. 5. 2 Food naming in western food culture The feature of cuisine identifying in Traditional western countries is straightforward, which is like the first dishes naming approach in Cina. Time is usually money in Traditional western people’s eye, and they think people should never waste too much effort on trivial things like consuming and dining.

Therefore , from this point of perspective, the to start with requirement for the cuisine identifying should be uncomplicated and simple. For example , “Black Self defense Steak,??? , “Stewed Seafood Combination with Lobster Marinade,???  etc . You can easily understand the meaning with the cuisine and know what it is. Sometimes, even the name of some restaurants, such as “KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) will reveal the data about the cuisine they serve. Undoubtedly, straightforwardness is more suitable for the Westerners because of their fast pace of cooking and living. 5. Different healthier conceptions in Chinese and western foodstuff culture your five. 6. you Healthy conception in Chinese food traditions Chinese drink and food usually consists of little sweets, which will not lead to receiving fat. Although there are increasingly more fat people in China while each of our living common has improved. China likes a good reputation due to the plentiful and splendid delicacies. Chinese people have many intricate cooking methods, such as braising, boiling, braising with soy sauce, cooking, baking, grilling, scalding, deep-frying, steaming, drying out, salt-preserving and so forth (?,?,?,?,?,?,?,?,?,?, and the Chinese cuisine is always beautiful and preferences excellent. Although much diet is demolished because of this kind of complex cooking methods. At the same time, Chinese persons share meals when they have got a meal. Everybody’s chopsticks feel the same dish and that highly increases the possibility of hepatitis. 5. 6. 2 Healthy and balanced Conception in western meals cultures Nutrition and equilibrium are significantly cared for by simply westerners if they have a meal. An interesting sensation in european countries is a nutritional information concerning the food packaging, by which householder’s concern regarding nutrition is clearly mirrored.

A look at details like the range of calories per serving, grams of fat, sodium, dietary fiber and sweets content is likely to make you even more knowledgeable in selecting food to reduce your nutritional overall health risk. Additionally , the balance in diet framework is also essential to Westerners. Nowadays, more and more westerners are starting to worry about their excess weight for their diet containing lots of calories. This can be evident in menus in numerous restaurants supplying “low calorie or “weight watchers food. The vegetable and fresh fruit salad offered to americans all year about because they may have low calorie consumption and large vitamin.

In summary, it is by the influence of pragmatism that westerners are more likely to take the meals into consideration quite simply from the nutritional perspective. To them, food or eating is just a way to hold health and as a result what the westerners care about the majority of is the nutrition contained in food and the equilibrium of the whole structure. When they have dinner, they use distinct plates for each other, which usefully guard against the possibility infection. 6th. Conclusion In contrast and evaluation we have built so far, 1 conclusion could possibly be drawn that Chinese and Western foodstuff culture echo each other peoples cultures with the own exclusive features.

They are neither excellent nor substandard to the additional and should ought to have the same admiration from one another. Certainly, pertaining to the process of globalization, Chinese and Western meals cultures will not exist in isolation. It is well known that globalization has been becoming an inevitable pattern around the world and an fiero force to influence peoples’ life in almost every aspect. Put simply, the steering wheel of history has shifted as inexorably forward by isolation to integration. As a result of open plan, Chinese persons and China culture convey more and more probability of contact with foreigners and foreign cultures.

Persons of different civilizations can learn from each other. When ever Chinese culture is learning or taking on something new or different from foreign cultures, we need to remember that Oriental culture is additionally being learned and used by these people at the same time. A great case in point is the fact, nowadays, a lot more people, especially the young adults, have been partial to the typical american fast food just like KFC or Macdonald’s, while on the other hand, more and more Chinese foods have been completely welcomed by foreigners, in fact it is said that high are persons, there are Chinese restaurants.

In short, Chinese and Western meals culture will build up together by the cross-cultural connection. Bibliography [1] Chang, K. C. Meals in China Culture: Anthropological and Historical Perspective [M]. USA: The Vail-Ballou Press Incorporation., 1977: 35~304 [2] Chen, G. Meters. , Starosta, W. L. Foundations of Intercultural Interaction [M]. USA: Allyn , Bread Press, 1998: 3 [3] Hall, Electronic. T. Further than Culture [M]. New york city: Anchor Ebooks, 1989: 46 [4] Neuliep, J. T. Intercultural Connection: A Context Approach [M]. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2k: 33 [5] Samovar, T. A. , Porter L. E.

Intercultural Communication: A Reader [M]. USA: Wadsworth Creating Company, 2000: 62 [6] Samovar, M. A., Tenir R. E. , Stefani L. A. Communication Among Cultures [M]. Beijing: Foreign Language Instructing , Study Press, 2000: 165 [7] Wang Fengxin. The Social Implication from the Chinese Delicacies Naming [M]. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching , Study Press, 1999: 220~222 [8]#@@#@!??.???? [M].?:?????, 1999: 93 [9]#@@#@!??.??? [M].?:?????, 95: 59 [10]#@@#@!??.??? [M].?:??? 2006: 203 [11]#@@#@!??.??? “”?????? [M].?:??????, 2002: seventy four [12]#@@#@!??.????? [M].?????, 2004: 16 [13]#@@#@!??,??.??? [M].?:????, 2006: almost 8 [14]#@@#@!??.????? [OL]. http://www. wfcyw. com/cywh/yswh/ 200608/22. html, 2007-04-16/2007-05-4. [15]#@@#@!??.???????? [OL]. http://www. ilib. cn/A-bflc 2003 02028. html code, 2007-03-16/2007-04-08. Acknowledgements The thesis has been completed. I want to express my gratitude to my tutor *******. We received Mister. Zhang’s instructions in the publishing of the thesis many times. I appreciate the tutor’s concentrated guidance and help not only in the selection of my own title, necessary materials in the thesis, but also in the research writing.

I can declare it is very hard to have completed the thesis without his guidance. I wish to take this opportunity to express the hearty due to his suggestions. I want to communicate sincere appreciation to educators and close friends who cared for about and supported my thesis. Below, I appreciate my classmates who helped out with my thesis. Finally, I wish to express my personal gratitude to Mr. Zhang again to get his cautious instruction of my thesis. , , , , , , , ,??????????????? Times Fresh Roman??????????????,???????,??

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