Adults with Learning Difficulties Essay
“People with Learning Difficulties are unique people who have their own preferences, history and views. They have the same rights since everybody else” To begin my personal assignment Revealed the history of social exclusion in relation to people with l’earning difficulties/disabilities.
I will in that case outline technique of Social work and in particular We are focusing on intervention and how intervention has been used in relation to my own chosen example. In addition to this I will pay attention to a number of key concerns in relation to society’s views on people who have Learning Issues. I will become discussing what Laws, Plans and Methods have been applied to protect individuals with learning troubles from oppression and elegance and how successful these Regulations have actually been in assisting people who have Learning Problems to live living they choose to live. During the late 19th century in particular, socially excluding people with learning disabilities was particularly inherent.
At the time, people that have ‘mental deficiencies’ were regarded as degenerates, and would generally be blamed for social problems including crime and poverty. As a result led to the removal and institutionalisation of individuals thought to be ‘feeble minded’ and the ones referred to as ‘idiots’. Wolf Wolfensberger first published his thoughts about normalisation in 1972, through his works ‘The principle of Normalization in man service’. Wolfensberger argued that many of the problems with the organizations arose through the way in which these were designed and run. The residents of these institutions had been treated just like numbers rather than individuals, burning off their identification and also their particular dignity.
They were often regarded as primitive, uncontrollable and not able to be informed. The basic suggestions and seeks of the guidelines of normalisation have aimed to advocate community-based support for people with learning problems, whilst getting off institutionalisation. Nevertheless one of the most obvious obstacles in achieving it turned out the attitude of those in the ‘community’ towards people with learning disabilities. About this point Sociable workers were still making use of the “tick field format” when ever conducting tests and the medical model of practice was used which in turn resulted in oppression of the support user.
It absolutely was not before the NHS and community attention Act as well as the community care (Direct Payments) Act was implemented in 1990’s the attitudes to people with Learning Difficulties started to improve along with the balance in power between Social Staff and Service Users. Even more implementations of legal frameworks, policies and practices including Valuing Persons 2001 and the Mental Ability Act include helped to boost Social Function practice also protect the rights of vulnerable persons whilst marketing Anti-Discriminator practice, Social position valorisation and normalisation. Today’s process of Interpersonal Work consists of five essential stages. They are Assessment, Choosing outcomes, Preparing, Intervention and Evaluation.
Inter professional working should be put centrally through all periods of the social work process in order to obtain the best possible result for the service consumer. Once the services users initial assessment continues to be carried out, decisions can then be made regarding the individuals overall demands and also their eligibility to receive funding intended for care packages and/or immediate payments. Treatment can differ in respect to establishing, but when looking at the input process for people with learning problems working in collaboration and improving the service user’s expertise is vital when putting agreed plans in action.
This aspect of the intervention process can be linked to the exchange unit as this method promotes Anti Discriminatory Practice by empowering the service user to help make decisions of the future wellness. It also meets the targets of the service user that social employees are respecting their competence. Milner and Obrien 2002) During the intervention process it’s the duty from the care manager/social worker to ensure that services offered are meeting the required specifications and that the care is co-ordinated successfully to prevent deterioration as a result of gaps or lapses in care.
Additionally it is the responsibility from the care supervisor to ensure that providers users are not excluded from services or perhaps receiving attention that is of poor quality by simply constantly checking for splendour stereotypes and assumptions produced during the social work procedure. It is at this point that the treatment process may be linked with the objectives of Social role Valorisation; the objectives getting to prevent persons from getting negative social roles also to promote great valued tasks in the first place. Operate to change, or at least reduce the impact of existing unfavorable roles and promote confident valued functions.
The two crucial processes od social function valorisation should be enhance the sociable image of vulnerable people and enhance their competencies. Social employees are expected to monitor and review treatment lans regularly. Because of this it is crucial that these strategies can be transformed at any time to match the demands of the individual.
Once changes are made it is important that various other organisations engaged are stored up to date with these becomes ensure that the master plan remains co-ordinated and powerful. Although this kind of theory of intervention illustrates a person centred approach, there is evidence to suggest that people with learning difficulties remain being failed by world due to standardisation and computerisation which can end up being known as the “tick box format”. There are also various instances high is an incorrect assessment of finances throughout the initial evaluation process, as a result of focus on solutions available rather than needs.
This may lead to the service end user being refused access to providers that they are allowed to. When looking at my own case study Germoglio, she has effectively been integrated into society after a comprehensive technique of assessment, planning and input has been completed to create a person centered care deal that fits her needs as a person with deep and multiple learning issues, but also as a fresh woman who is a human being. The implementation of policies such as Valuing People 2001 and Valuing Persons Now encourages personalisation inside society and has provided people with Learning Disabilities like Gemma the justification to their own freedom, choice and inclusion. As well to have the accessibility to appointing an advocate.
However , I cannot help but believe that her story of accomplishment was into the pure determination of her mother, who had to fight for her daughters individual needs to be achieved. Social Personnel and other multiple professionals who were involved in examination of Gemma’s needs certainly felt that she would possess benefited from institutionalisation, as it is stated that the was suggested as a upcoming plan on several occasions. I cannot help nevertheless wonder whether this has been because of professionals focusing on Gemma’s disability rather than focusing on her as a person. Valuing people 2001 states that the role of services is to help people regardless of how complexed all their disability, to live full and equal hails from their neighborhood communities.
Although the article declares that delete word Gemma to live as independently as possible had been well received and finally integrated, It is also apparent that there were constant problems to obtain financing such as immediate payments to accommodate Gemma’s dreams to live a regular life inside her community. Following Wolfensbergers development of Sociable Role Valorisation, Obrien developed the five service accomplishments, which offered a practical construction to work towards Social Function Valorisation. Obrien suggests “Each accomplishment supports a vital dimensions of individual experience which in turn common practice limits for people with severe Learning Disabilities.
They challenge and strengthen the relationship between people with disabilities and other community people. (Obrien 1989) Recent content published within the community attention website possess suggested that social staff themselves are witnessing the target-driven culture of bureaucracy inside councils (just like Gemmas mum experienced ), and are also aware that this has created several barriers to the people with mental health problems gaining access to immediate payments. It is often reported that the Social Job Team Director within Adults with Learning Disabilities basically left her role by Doncaster Council in 2010 because she experienced encountered these problems and felt it hindered the intervention procedure.
She has as started up her own Logos Forum Group to bring these kinds of service users together. The weekly gatherings at a residential area centre right now attract 40 regulars, offering support and regular socialising opportunities. I actually utilise my own social job skills to aid the group solve the down sides that they face; this involves lowering dependency on professionals simply by highlighting people’s strengths, and inspiring them to consider solutions by themselves and to group associates.
People illustrate feeling a part of something, just like they have some power above their own foreseeable future and many the first time can see something positive, ” Hicks says. Michelle Lefevre, senior lecturer in cultural work at the University of Sussex, says it is a “sad indictment” that Hicks believed she was required to leave local authority social work to generate such significant relationships with users. Not merely is local government overly focused on administration instead of spending time with children and families, states, but challenges in social work level programmes and supervision imply practitioners are certainly not equipped to deal with the psychological dimensions with the job.
Overall it is very rejuvenating to read successes like Gemma’s as it appears that she is living her live as individually as possible, although being maintained a dedicated team of people who will be constantly making sure she is acquiring person centred care and this her desires remain central. It is my personal only expect that in the future it will not require a loving mother or father to deal with the legal rights of a services user and to overcome difficulty after hurdle to receive the funding and care package deal they are rightful entitled to, although that the assistance user will probably be granted use of the services and funding they are eligible for easily.