Effect of marijuana managment in maize

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Plant height

Assessed data revealed that on an average, plant elevation was increased up to maturity and ranged from 64. ninety six to 176. 89cm (Table 22). Plants height had been significantly inspired by tillage and bud management techniques at all dates of observation except in 30 DIESES.

On the whole, plants were taller in no tillage as compared to standard tillage by any means dates of observation.

Plants had been taller with black polythene mulch treatment as compared to weed supervision practices treatment options at all dates of observation except for 30 DASJENIGE. Similarly, Flower height had been lowest in weedy examine treatment at all dates of observation. The other herb height were intermediate among black polythene mulch and weedy check in most of weed management practices.

Atrazine once mix with glyphosate and pendimethalin as fish tank mixture led to similar flower height with each other at all development stage. Nevertheless , remarkably higher plant level obtained with combination of atrazine and 2, 4-D. Moreover Plant height recorded in weed totally free treatment was similar to mix of Atrazine and 2, 4-D but substantially higher than mix of tank blend of atrazine and pendimethalin. Similarly plant height found with combination of atrazine and pendimethalin was statistically similar with weedy examine plot in every growth level.

Leaf place index

Mean Tea leaf area index of the experiment was elevated up to 70 DAS and ranged from (0. 40) to (2. 55) and later found on decreasing about harvesting generally due to tea leaf senescence.

Leaf place were substantially influenced by tillage approach except at 30 and 50 DASJENIGE and it absolutely was also significantly influenced by different bud management techniques at all time of declaration except for 30 DASJENIGE.

In general leaf region index had been found better in not any tillage plot as compared with conventional tillage plot by any means dates of observation yet statistically significant only for 70, 85 and one hundred ten DAS.

Among several weed administration practices tea leaf area index were identified statistically better with dark-colored polythene mulch treatment in comparison with other procedures and found statistically at doble with pot free and sequential using atrazine and 2, 4-D at 40 DAS. Similarly, leaf area index had been found least expensive in weedy check treatment at all dates of statement. The various other leaf location index were intermediate among black polythene mulch and weedy examine in most of weed supervision practices.

Produce attributes character types

Number of ear harvested (ha-1)

Common number of hearing harvested was 69563. forty-nine per hectare ranged from 60277. 78 to 85972. 22per hectare (Table 24). Quantity of ear collected was not significantly influenced simply by tillage strategies. Comparatively bigger was recorded below no till as compared to the standard tillage.

The examined weed management practice significantly influenced volume of ear collected. Black polythene mulch remedied plots resulted in higher quantity of ear (85972. 22 ha-1) which was discovered statistically related with marijuana free (76944. 44 ha-1) treatment and sequential using atrazine fb 2, 4-D treatment. Most affordable number was obtained in weedy check plot (60277. 78ha-1) that has been statistically in par with tank mixture herbicidal blends of atrazine and pendimethalin, and atrazine and glyphosate, and maize cowpea co-culture treatments. Between herbicidal software, atrazine wikipedia 2, 4-D recorded greatest number of hearing than other treatment.

Number of nucleus row every ear

Average number of kernel series per headsets was (11. 19) ranging from 10. thirty-three to doze. 00 (Table 24). Kernel row per ear also was not significantly affected by tillage methods. However , number of kernel row every ear located greater in no until than standard tillage.

Similarly, several weed administration practices substantially influenced range of kernel row per headsets. Due to decrease in crop bud competition, highest number of kernel rows every ear was written in black polythene mulch treated plots (12. 00) and which has been significantly in par with all treatment including weedy check except tank mixture treatment options i. elizabeth. atrazine and pendimethalin, and atrazine and glyphosate. The smallest amount of number of kernels per ear was recorded in tank blend application of atrazine and pendimethalin treated storyline and it absolutely was statistically similar with the reservoir mixture putting on atrazine and glyphosate.

Number of kernels every row

Average range of kernel every row was 27. seventy eight ranged from dua puluh enam. 33 to 31. seventeen (Table 24). Number of kernel per line was substantially influenced simply by both tillage methods and weed management practices. Amounts of kernels per row were significantly bigger under not any tillage than under conventional tillage.

Among different weed supervision practices, considerably higher number of kernels per row was observed in black polythene mulch (31. 17). Further, the numbers of kernels per row recorded in rest of the therapies were statistically similar.

Number of kernels per ear

Average number of kernels per ear was 312. twenty-four ranging from two-hundred eighty-one to 374 (Table 24). Number of nucleus per ear was substantially influenced by simply both tillage methods and weed management practices. The number of kernels every ear was significantly bigger under no tillage than that of regular tillage. This was also shown on grain yield.

Among marijuana management techniques, significantly larger number of kernels per hearing was seen in black polythene mulch (374. 00). Further, the amounts of kernels every row were statistically related.

The amount of kernels per ear registered in bud free treatment was just like all other herbicidal treatments but the difference was remarkable. This might be the reason for obtaining significantly higher grain produce in bud free condition as compared to all other herbicidal therapies.

Thousand grain weight

Mean thousands of grain weight was recorded 204. 96g (Table 24). Thousand grain fat was located to be non-significant among the tillage methods and weed supervision practices. However , it was found highest in weed cost-free condition (223. 17g) which might be due to bigger weed control efficiency and least was observed in weedy check story (191. 99g).

Sterility percentage

Imply sterility percentage was located 16. 00 % which range from 10. twenty-one to twenty-five. 67 % (Table 6). Sterility percentage was not inspired by business tillage strategies, however it was significantly affected by distinct weed administration practices. Least sterility percentage was recorded in black polythene mulch remedied plot (10. 21 %) and weedy free (10. 61%). Weedy check experienced high impact on sterility percentage saving (25. 67%).

Grain yield, straw deliver, harvest index and pot index

Wheat yield

Mean feed yield from the experiment was 4782. 51kg ha-1 and ranged from 3168. 16 to 70. 71. 06 kg ha-1 among the list of treatments (Table 25). Feed yield had been significantly inspired by tillage methods and weed management practices.

Grain deliver of zero tillage (5584. 02 kg ha-1) was significantly more than conventional tillage (3981. 00 kg ha-1) as as a result of highest pot density and dry fat in regular tillage practice. Weed contend with crop which in turn decreased almost all growth variables and yield attributes just like number of kernels per ear canal and thousands of grain pounds remarkably.

Similarly, among weed administration practice black polythene mulch produced the greatest grain yield (7071. 06 kg ha-1) which was statistically similar with grain deliver of weedy free plan (5916. up to 29 kg ha-1) and substantially superior than grain yields obtained from all the other weed administration practices. The best grain yield found in weedy check plot (3168. 16 kg ha-1) which might be as a result of competition from weed which will effect yield attribute personality and which found statistically similar with treatments cowpea co-culture (4065. 57 kilogram ha-1), container mixture of atrazine and pendimethalin (4115. 13 kg ha-1) and container mixture of atrazine and glyphosate applied storyline (3954. 86 kg ha-1)

Straw yield

Mean hay yield of experiments was 5756. 14 kg ha-1 ranging from 8308. 13 kilogram ha-1 in black polythene mulch to 4563. 91 kg ha-1in tank combine herbicidal application of atrazine and pendimethalin (Table 7). Straw yield was significantly influenced by the two tillage strategies as well as pot management techniques.

Larger straw deliver was attained under simply no tillage (6280. 33 kilogram ha-1) when compared with conventional tillage (5231. 94 kg ha-1). Similarly, dark-colored polythene mulch produced greatest straw deliver and was significantly superior than obtained from all other treatment. Straw deliver under tank mix herbicidal applied plot of atrazine and pendimethalin was least expensive and was statistically identical with atrazine fb 2, 4-D, mixture of atrazine and glyphosate because tank mix.

Harvest index

Average harvesting index in the test was forty-four. 13% (Table 25). Tillage methods substantially influence the harvest index, significantly larger harvest index was found in no tillage (46. 49 %) in comparison with conventional tillage practices (42. 12 %).

In the same way, weed administration practice affect the pick index. Maximum harvest index was recorded in sequential using atrazine fb 2, 4-D treated storyline (50. 18 %) and was substantially at doble with all treatment except cowpea co-culture and weedy examine. Increase in percentage of collect index as compared with weedy examine may be caused by adequate suppression of weed growth because of some left over effect too and more accessibility to plant nutrients to maize crop, which favored better utilization of photo-assimilates for wheat yield formation (Abdullahi ainsi que al., 2016). Lowest Collect Index was found in cowpea co-culture remedied plot and was statistically similar with weedy check.

Weed index

Weed index had not been significantly motivated by tillage methods. But it really was a lot more than double underneath conventional tillage as compared to simply no till. (Table 25).

Similarly, bud index was significantly motivated with respect to marijuana management methods. Highest marijuana index (WI) was observed in weedy check plot (40. 27%) that has been statistically identical with fish tank mix of atrazine and glyphosate, atrazine and pendimethalin and cowpea co-culture plot. Lowest WI was written in dark polythene mulch which revealed the deliver increment was 20. 68% above the pot free.

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