Incidence of public health hazardous bacteria
Paper type: Wellness,
Words: 704 | Published: 02.14.20 | Views: 376 | Download now
Fish is regarded as one of the most nutritive and remarkably desirable foodstuffs because of its excessive nutritional value becoming rich in healthy proteins, vitamins and unsaturated fatty acids. Fish and seafood make up important food items for a large section of world population. Fish contains n-3 polyunsaturated essential fatty acids that are vitally important aspect for health-conscious persons particularly in affluent countries where fatality due to cardiovascular disease is excessive. It is true that seafood contributes regarding 60% on the planet supply of protein. Fish is made up of higher sum of myofibrillar protein which can be easily digestible compared to proteins found from other sources. Fish are of big concern for export revenue because of their bigger nutritive value, low hypercholesteria level and presence of essential proteins. Bangladesh was the 5th in world aquaculture creation, which made up half of the country’s total seafood production in 2015-2016. A big of range of the population has been engaged indirectly in fisheries sector. This sector leads to 3. 65% to GDP and 1 . 97% to foreign exchange revenue through foreign trade. It is the second largest foreign trade industry in Bangladesh and produces 2 . 5 percent from the global production of shrimp.
Foreign trade of shrimp accounts 92% of the total export making of fish and fishery products from Bangladesh. The export of fishery goods such as frozen shrimp, dry out fish, salted fish, seafood maw, shark-fin, tortoise and turtles are increasingly appearing as a dominant economic activity in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is exporting iced shrimp to about 40 countries of the world of which USA, Belgium, UK, Netherlands, Australia, Japan, France, Denmark, Vietnam, Russia and Italy would be the top 10 obtaining countries. 1 core and 82 lakh people were straight and not directly involved in the fishing industry sector because the source of earning in 2014-2015. In the year 2015-2016, total seafood production was 38 mil mt. loads and export earning was 4282 key tk. The inland the fishing industry contribute regarding 72% with the total capture and the outstanding 28% originates from the ocean fisheries, there are about 1093 marine marine organisms exactly where 44. 35% are finfish, 32. 23% shellfish. You will discover about 173fish processing plant life in Bangladesh which are mainly located in port cities (Khulna and Chittagong regions) that 76 digesting plants will be EU accepted.
Annually a huge amount of shrimps are rejected to export due to presence of pathogenic bacteria. It absolutely was due to insufficient fish storage facilities, limited use of ice to preserve the shrimp, poor and unhygienic handling of shrimp etc . could be considered as the elements that contributing to the incident of these pathogens. Moreover, the safe consumption of fish and fishery products requires adequate sanitary conditions via harvest to consumption.
Consumption of fish and shell fish may also cause illness because of infection or intoxication. The majority of the foodborne illness is due to Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus spp. and Escherichia coli, generally related to fish consumption afflicted by all those bacterial kinds especially Salmonella and Elizabeth. coli. Salmonella infections in humans contain mainly typhoid fever and these attacks are commonly named as enteric fever which continues to be one of the serious public health problems globally. Salmonella spp. in freshwater fishes has been usually linked to the fecal contamination of water via where fish were harvested and the presence of higher amount of Salmonella is usually fish triggers salmonellasis in human creating several symptoms like diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and belly pain. Escherichia coli (E. coli) dégo?tant the is going to and causes many symptoms that range from non-presenting to extreme. These can include-abdominal pain, watery diarrhoea, dazzling red weakling stools, nausea, in some cases fever, fatigue etc . Every year the fish and fishery goods of Bangladesh had been refused by the importing countries because of presence of Salmonella spp. and Electronic. coli, though it is one of the important sectors for generating foreign currency.
So , Salmonella and Electronic. coli toxins in fish and fishery products is incredibly alarming to get human overall health as well as for foreign trade earnings. This current study was set primarily to assess the incidence level of Salmonella and E. coli contamination in fish facilities and fish markets of Dinajpur section of Bangladesh.