Nanotechnology Uses to Enhance Computer Performance Essay
Although the key concepts of nanotechnology were introduced inside the early 1950’s, nanotechnology was not properly introduced to the world until 1974. That was the season a Japanese people scientist, named Tanigushi, coined the word “nanotechnology”. Nanotechnology identifies the constructing and executive of systems at the atomic level. “Nanotechnology will be the main technology in development of every machine in coming years. ” (Wifinotes, n. g. ) Nanotechnology will tremendously improve the functionality and performance of computers. Body In everyday conditions, “Nanotechnology is founded on manipulations of individual atoms and substances to build complex atomic constructions. ” (Tarasov, 2009, pg.
1) Working at the atomic level is an extremely new technology. How big is a nanometer is one-billionth of a inmiscuirse. For comparison purposes, “A very great human hair is about 12, 000 nanometers wide, which is the smallest dimension we can see together with the naked eye. ” (Cook, 2005) Ahead of research may begin, research workers had to first invent a machine that could work with this sort of small allergens. Their objective was to shape atoms and molecules right into a particular settings – a configuration in a position of performing functions similar to a processor. The technology prior to nanotechnology started out somewhat primitive.
It was a major enhance in technology when vacuum tubes were invented. That they came into existence about the same time Thomas Edison invented the light bulb. Vacuum pipes were first used in computers in 1946 until 1958.
By then, vacuum pressure tubes could not be made virtually any smaller, therefore technology offered us transistors. Transistors were used in computers via 1959 to 1964. 1 transistor got the place of 40 cleaner tubes. If the limits in the transistor had been reached, computer system builders employed integrated circuits from 65 to 70.
In 1971, the microprocessor came into computer use. Faster and smaller than anything at all so far, the microprocessor resulted in the invention of personal computers. Given that the growth of microprocessors has almost reached its limits, it is currently time for the next generation of processor, which a lot of researchers say will be designed on the nanometer scale. However how will that they manipulate contaminants on such a minute level?
Before manipulating atoms in to the desired location, researchers needed to see them first. Analysts had to invent a microscopic lense that would allow them to see atoms. In 81, IBM experts invented the Scanning Ubung Microscope (SPM). (University of Wisconsin, 2008) This microscope allowed research workers to “see” atoms.
Mainly because it turns out, in 1989, analysts found they will could basically manipulate atoms into the ideal position with the SPM. …researchers have been capable of manipulate and stabilize atomic-size structures in such a way that they can persistently maintain the characteristics needed to be categorized as practical, though continue to strictly trial and error, computational equipment. ” (Goth, 2012) Atoms are frequently moving, therefore catching one to move around was very difficult. The atoms needed to be cooled down to near gelidity, to -450 degrees Fahrenheit (f), the heat where most atoms rarely move. The Scanning Probe Microscope (Nanooze, 2005) After cooling the atoms, researchers were able to use the SPM to advance individual atoms to a specific location.
One-by-one, they transferred the atoms into situation to spell “IBM”. It took them practically an entire time to do it. Observe image beneath: Atoms organized to mean IBM (Nanooze, 2005) Because the first manipulation of atoms had been shown, researchers include continued to go atoms in to complicated constructions, as displayed in the physique below. Interpretation of a nanotechnology produced equipment set (Wifinotes, n. deb. ) After all the groundwork had been laid, computer research workers turned their particular attention to using nanotechnology inside the computer globe. Their first target was your microchip.
Current microchip technology limits possess nearly been reached plus the researchers started shrinking how big is the processors. “… etching [lithography] approaches can only consider features up to now – nearly anything below 22nm is just not feasible. ” (European Nanotechnology Gateway, n. d. ) At the moment, the newest chipsets using lithographic etching will be being developed with 65nm features. Intel has realized a 10-15% improvement in drive current, which means greater performance, by using nanotechnology.
In the mean time, at APPLE, to aid the shrinking of the processors, “researchers have developed diffusion from carbon nanotubes. “( European Nanotechnology Gateway, and. d. ) Carbon nanotubes show wonderful improvements when compared with conventional silicon transistors. “The carbon nanotubes are extended, thin hair strands of carbon molecules. In the lab, they will delivered more than double the amount of electrical current compared to the top-performing transistors at the moment on the market. “( European Nanotechnology Gateway, d.. ) “A single follicle of carbon dioxide atoms (red)…contained in a multi-walled carbon nanotube. ” (American Institute of Physics, 2003) Lithographic decoration is being replaced with a new process called “block co-polymer lithography”, or BCP.
Scientists have got found a procedure to create nano-scale patterns that is certainly expected to be applied in the make of microprocessors. Using the new process, silicon wafer features have been produced between five and twenty nanometers thick – much smaller than the current 65 nanometers.
In the physique below, you can see an image of the nano-scale microprocessor created by BCP method: (Nanotechnology, 2011) According to Nanotechnology – Future Technology: …with use [of] nanotechnology, it could be likely to transform personal pc computers in to computers which have been the size of a wrist watch but with even more operating capability and they will as well last longer than current computers…Computers with all the capabilities of current workstations will be the size of a materials of sand and will be able to operate for decades with the comparative of a sole wristwatch electric battery. This technology advancement will make computers even more abundant, cheaper to make, faster, and smaller. (Nanotechnology – Long term Technology, 2012) When a processor’s feature size is reduced, by using less electric power and makes less high temperature, thereby progressively more efficient and economical to control.
Being more efficient and economical also means faster, more reliable functionality of the pc. Conclusion Nanotechnology will provide the earth with breakthroughs in gadgets along numerous other domains, such as biology, chemistry and medicine. In the future, nanotechnology may play a major function in the breakthrough of new elements, such as nano-sized microprocessors, and may enhance a great many other existing technologies. “Nanotechnology could be the major technology in [the]development of every machine in arriving years. ” (Wifinotes, in. d. ) Nanotechnology is going to greatly increase the functionality and performance of computer systems.