Organization rules and data designs essay

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A database is a composition that contains info on many different categories of information regarding the human relationships between all those categories (Pratt & Adamsk 2010). Data source objects happen to be entities which exist within a repository to support functions such as saving, retrieving and manipulating data. Organizations employ large amounts of information and database software system to maintain and convert data in to information to compliment making decisions.

A database management system contains the following 3 elements: 1 ) The physical database: the gathering of documents that contain the data.

2 . The database engine: the software that makes it possible to reach and improve the contents of the data source. 3. The database plan: the specifications of the rational structure of the data kept in the databases. As we know, database is organized collection of info; computer based databases usually are organized as one or more desks. A table stores info in a structure similar to a released table and consists of a number of rows and columns. Within a database style, each target that we want to track in the database is recognized as entitiy.

For example , within a college repository there might be a number of entities which can be known as group of similar things. Some of the agencies in university database will be:

1 . College student

installment payments on your Professor

3. Courses

4. Employees

Attributes describes one aspect of an entity type. Entity type is explained by pair of attributes. An entity is actually a real-world item or concept that is out there on its own (Shiflet, 2002). The set of all possible values for an entity is a entity type. Each enterprise has characteristics, or particular properties that describe the entity. By way of example student Indra Paudel has properties of his

own studentID, StudentName and StudentGrade. Physique 1 E-R Diagram explication for an attribute website ( StudentGrade ) of the entity type (Student).

A few have a close look of each entity and the attributes. Physique 1 . 1 the attributes of Student entity.

Figure 1 ) 3 the attributes of course entity.

An entity can be described as distinguishable target in the business. An business has features that explain the real estate of the enterprise. For example , a course is an object in the student data system. The course number, title, credits, and prerequisites are the attributes for the course. Every one of the courses include same type of attributes. An amount of entities of the identical attributes is known as an business set. As each enterprise is unique, no two entities may have the same beliefs on the attributes. Each enterprise class comes with an attribute or maybe a set of features that can be used to uniquely identify the agencies. In case there are many keys inside the entity course, we can designate one while the primary essential. For example , we could designate the course title to be the important, assume that every course includes a different name. A composite attribute is usually an characteristic that is composed of two or more sub-attributes. For example , trainees entity class has the treat attribute that consists of streets, city, state, and zipcode. A multivalued attribute is definitely an characteristic that may contain a set of ideals. For example , the Course entity class has got the prerequisites attribute. A study course may include several prerequisites. Therefore , the prerequisites characteristic is a multivalued attribute.

A derived attribute is a great attribute which can be derived or calculated through the database. A derived feature should not be stored in the databases. For example , we might add an attribute named numOfPrerequisites for the Course business class. This kind of attribute may be calculated from the prerequisites credit. Example of business rule:




A conceptual data version identifies the very best level interactions between the several entities, whereas physical info models stand for how the version will be integrated the database. A physical database model reveals all table structure which includes column name, column data type, line constraints, major key, overseas key, and relationships between tables.


Pratt, P. J, & Adamski L. J, (2011). Concepts of Database Management. Kansas, OH: CENGAGE Learning. Shiflet, A. m, (2002). Entity Relationship-Model. Retrieved from

one particular

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