The implicit bias

Paper type: Religious beliefs,

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Muslim

The implicit bias is actually a type of opinion, which is present when a person does not include direct control or understanding of their own perceptions and motivations (Royer, Hido and Slotnick, n. d)[1] It takes place when the knowledge and associations of any person affects their reviews, even if they can be unaware of that influence. (Markman, 2017)[2]

There are many aspects of implied bias. First of all, it may be to a person or group’s race, gender, age, incapacity, and sexual orientation, and research has shown that usually, socially dominant groups have implied bias against subordinate teams, and people often have a preference for members of any category that they are supposed to be. (Royer, Hido and Slotnick, n. d)[3] An example of implied bias is usually prejudice against Muslims in the united states. People who are subjected to negative portrayals of Muslims, through the press for instance, might develop anti-Muslim bias. (Pearce and M. Schwartz, 2010)[4] Such opinion is hard to detect, nevertheless cases including that of Homaidan Al-Turki, a Saudi Arabian citizen who was convicted with a Colorado court of against the law sexual contact, extortion, bogus imprisonment and also other charges (Pearce and T. Schwartz, 2010)[5], may possibly point to this problem as being more common than it can be perceived to get. Al Turki’s trial included references to Osama bin Laden, Ramadan, and the 9/11 attacks (Pearce and M. Schwartz, 2010)[6] and so the concerns raised about prejudice against Muslims during his case points for the hidden tendency which metric scale system harbor against Muslims, and which may be stiched through the American justice system. In the case of Ahmed el-Gammal, potential jurors acquired “opinions” about Muslims and Islam prior to the trial, and said that he was already accountable before that they had even observed or evaluated the evidence (Zavadski, 2017)[7] These kinds of show the implied and direct nature of bias which usually must be eradicated in order to guarantee a fair trial, however , this could be difficult because of their subconscious character, and the reality attorneys might use this bias in their opt to win the truth.

Research by Jee-Yeon K. Lehmann and Jeremy Blair Cruz (2013) helps us to help explore the size of implicit bias. According to their research, dark-colored jurors generally lean even more towards the protection, and even more and so when the accused is also black. Lehmann and Smith (2013) also realize that black jurors report decrease trust in the authorities and in the prosecutor’s skill, whereas they report bigger ratings of the defense’s case, and interpret the evidence even more in favor of the defense. One of this type of bias is seen in the OJ Simpson case (1995), in which inspite of the heavy data against him, including DNA evidence, Simpson was rehabilitated on the expenses of the murders o Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman. The assumption is by many that he was found not guilty not only simply because there were seven black jurors on the court, and Simpson himself was black, nevertheless also because of the jury’s not enough trust in the authorities as Murk Fuhrman had perjured himself on the stand as documenting of him using racial slurs was played in court, and also due to the fact that Rodney King’s (1992) police brutality case even now loomed in the background when the Simpson case was proceeding. (Bates, 2014) [8]

In the case of Rodney King, a completely non-black court failed to convict four white men of seemingly very clear excessive push against a black patient despite online video evidence. (Lehmann and Cruz, 2013) [9] Simpson’s circumstance shows the lack of trust from the black jurors in the law enforcement, and their tendency toward the defense, while pointed out in Lehmann and Smith (2013) whereas King’s case may well show how socially dominant groups (white people) possess implicit tendency against subordinate groups (African Americans) (Royer, Hido and Slotnick, in. d)[10]

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