The public health risk Essay
Relating to Source A, people health risk highlighted is usually second hand smoke (SHS). In the picture, since the smokers, who are the parents, will be smoking in the public area, thus lead to the people surrounding them, who will be their children, unavoidably inhale the SHS.
They look very bitter and they need to wear masks to avoid the SHS. Therefore, lead to poor respiratory well being of equally smokers plus the surrounding people and raise the risk of obtaining respiratory disease, which put burden to the medical system in Hk. Therefore , in conclusion, the public wellness risk outlined is second hand smoke (SHS). 2c.
Which two tobacco control plans shown in Source W might be more effective in dealing with the population health risk highlighted in Source A in Hong Kong? Explain your answer with reference to the sources and your own knowledge. (10 marks) With regards to the sources and my prior expertise, anti-smoking promotions promoted throughout the mass media and taxation around the purchase of smokes are the two tobacco control policies that could be more effective in working with the public health risk outlined in Origin A in Hong Kong. You will find three criteria that determining the effectiveness of a policy, namely correspondence, profoundness and comprehensiveness.
Intended for correspondence, it is about how well the coverage tackles the basis problem. To get profoundness, it really is about how the policy raises awareness. Intended for comprehensiveness, it really is about how a large number of stakeholders the policy cover.
For the anti-smoking campaigns promoted throughout the mass media, it can be more effective in Hong Kong since in the long term, it may enhance the profoundness as it can raise the awareness of the public about the harmful associated with smoking. Also, it can deal with the root problem of the public well-being risk, which can be the lack of knowledge of the harmfulness of cigarette smoking and in turn tend not to give up smoking, as they might believe smoking is just for the successful and mature image without considering the harmful implications. Through starting a series of anti-smoking campaigns, it could tackle the fundamental cause and therefore the messages is substantial. Moreover, the comprehensiveness is usually high.
Because the information transmitted by advertising can impacts most of the industries of society in Hong Kong because of their broadness, promoting anti-smoking campaigns through them covers most of the people in Hong Kong. In summary, anti-smoking promotions promoted through the mass media works better in the long term. For the taxation on the acquiring cigarettes, it truly is more effective for a while in Hk because it is compulsory-based, which will put economic burden to the people who smoke and, and in turn use economic suggest to give all of them a greater inspiration to give up smoking as they have to use more money to buy cigarettes, which has the most direct effect on them, as a result enhance profoundness of this plan.
According to the statistics done by Bachelor of drugs of HKU in 2009, the amount of smokers decreased by 50 percent after the Hk government executed the plan of increasing fifty percent taxation about cigarettes. Furthermore, it is also complete as it will affect all the smokers in Hong Kong and in addition they all will need to under this taxation legislation. To sum up, taxation on the purchase of cigarettes works better in the short term. For establishing smoke-free areas, it is not as powerful as both mentioned above is that the smokers can easily still smoke without having to pay extra money in non smoke-free area in Hong Kong, just like streets, which will would not present any prevention and inspiration on them to halt smoking.
Pertaining to warning labeling on cigarette packets, it truly is less effective than the two since the smokers may just disregard them and they will not have any money loss if perhaps they do not analyze the warning labels similar to the taxation plan, thus they will not have much motivation to give up smoking and this policy may just raise the awareness of the harmful effects of smoking among the smokers into a small extent. For?uvre on cigarette advertisement, not necessarily as successful as the 2 because the root cause of the public health risk is that people does not have understanding of the harmful effects of smoking, this kind of policy can be not focusing on the root cause, but healing the symptoms only.
As well, they can still buy cigarettes at the same value with any kind of added taxation, thus less effective than the taxation policy while people are reluctant to give up smoking cigarettes because zero economic imply is used. For programmes for giving up smoking, although the messages and profoundness are the same as anti-smoking advertisments promoted through the mass media as it can handle the root difficulty and enhance the awareness of quitting smoking in the general public in Hong Kong, the comprehensiveness is definitely not high because according to the sources, talk about of world population is usually 28% intended for anti-smoking advertisments, but simply 14% pertaining to programmes to get giving up smoking cigarettes in 2010. Consequently , it is not since effective as the two.