Theories compare theories term paper

Essay Topic: 2007 http, Learning theory,

Paper type: Hypotheses,

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Theory Of Caring, Turmoil Theory, Theory, Theories

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As mentioned earlier, Sellin positioned emphasis on the cultural selection that was found in a modern society, through which wile felony law contains the crime best practice rules of improper and deviant behavior, the conduct best practice rules of fewer powerful groupings that reveal their own certain social circumstances would discord with the crime norms pointed out earlier, resulting in the inculcation of felony and deviant behavior among the list of members of less prominent and influential groups. Consequently , as various cultures permeate society, deviant behaviors might grow because of increased conflict, felt Sellin. Conflict could be of two main types: primary, that might occur if the norms of two several societies affect conflict with one another, and extra, in which a one culture is involved, in addition to which conflict may arise over a period of period. (“Introduction to sociology, inch n. deb. )

When ever one halts to analyze culture conflict theory and its romance to legal behavior, one would come towards the realization that conflict theory and criminology are strongly inter-related, which would are the study of deviant and criminal behaviours. Take for example the study that was conducted by the GAO, to learn whether or not the competition of both the victim or in the defendant will cast a great influence in the capital sentencing process at all. Fifty three criminal circumstances were analyzed as a part of this kind of analysis, also to everyone’s amaze, it was located that there is indeed a close inter-relationship between culture, cultural learning, turmoil and criminal offense. (Vito; Maahs; Holmes, 2007)

The GAO study uncovered these facts: in nearly 82% in the cases, it absolutely was found the race of the victim had influenced the final sentencing, of whether or not the defendant would receive the death penalty or become charged with capital murder. This was located to be very true in cases where the victim was white and the defendant, dark-colored. In short, evidence was able to provide evidence that the victim’s race and culture was a strong influence on the case at every point throughout the felony justice program process, especially at the initial phases where the prosecutorial decision to either seek out the loss of life penalty or proceed further to trial would be used. This evidence was able to provide evidence that there could be an extremely strong ‘race of victim’ influence within the justice system, in which generally, blacks, the less prominent cultural group, would be focused by the more dominant white colored group, so that as far as criminals had been concerned, the greater dominant group would make the decisions concerning their indictment and criminal prosecution. (Vito; Maahs; Holmes, 2007)

The turmoil explanation from the criminal proper rights system shows that those who enjoy the power to make laws would make them, using their own passions, or rather the interests of their own group in mind. Taken in terms of sociology, this theory is often taken as a starting point to describe criminal and deviant behaviours. According to the tenets of sociology, criminal execute may well start when a significantly less dominant or powerful group tries to adhere to the various rules as dictated by their own group, and violating the norms since dictated by other group of individuals who may be more dominating than that one, while thinking that he was acting normally and within the norms of normal behaviours. Frederick Thrasher, an prestigious sociology theorist, studied 1313 gangs to be able to analyze felony and deviant behaviors, if they are taken inside the set of norms that are determined by the more powerful society. He found that you dominant activity followed by this kind of group was that of consuming, gambling and promiscuous lovemaking activities, and it was apparent that these were the ideals of the gangs, and that these types of values would carry over to almost all their alternative activities. (Vito; Maahs; Holmes, 2007)

Perhaps deviant behavior got arisen because of the basic conflict between the norms that had been established by distinct groups of individuals, living and operating in the same society. Another example of culture bringing about conflict is evidenced by the recent decreases imposed for the practice of female circumcision. While specific cultures believe a female should be circumcised, for reasons uknown, and practice this activity within their country, this is restricted within the United States of America, where it really is considered to be an illegal act. This is a perfect example of the norms with the dominant traditions becoming the deciding take into account deciding what is a lawbreaker or a deviant act, and what is not really. (Vito; Maahs; Holmes, 2007)

One must remember the very fact that social learning theory can be used in a similar manner as culture and turmoil theory in explanation of criminal and deviant behaviors, in which the social learning theory is taken as a means of explaining how the criminal attained his criminal behavioral qualities within the culture. The basic idea is that the learning process consequently takes place in a context of social lifestyle and communications, while at the same time focusing on the proposal that this sort of learning would take place within the basic social context through which learning on the whole would happen. The group may incorporate family and friends, however it may also incorporate both direct and indirect interactions the individual would have within his normal world of activities, which may contain mass media, the Internet, computer games, and so forth. It must be mentioned that it is when an individual’s habits of differential association actually are associated with a better level of experience of criminal and deviant behaviours that the increased the chances happen to be that this individual would decide to engage in deviant or felony behaviors. The social learning process is actually a complex one particular, and it is including reciprocal effects, in which deviant behavior as being a social learning variable is taken into account. (Akers; Jensen, in. d. )

To conclude, it must be stated that social learning theory and culture turmoil theory have an impact about criminal activity, criminal actions, and on the way in which in which contemporary society responds to criminal patterns as far as avoidance and treatment are concerned. Most likely lawmakers might consider these theories before imparting punishment pertaining to criminal patterns, although such behavior can by no means be condoned simply because it may be explained with the help of theorization. Perhaps in future human culture would be able to break down its teams so that there may be more peace and less legal activity and behaviors in the society.

Referrals

Akers, Ronald L; Jensen, Gary Farrenheit. (n. m. ) “Empirical status of social learning theory of crime and deviance” Retrieved 14 Nov, 2007 in http://sitemason.vanderbilt.edu/files/l/l3Bguk/Empirical%20Status%20of%20Social%20Learning%20Theory%20of%20Crime%20and%20Deviance.pdf

Avruch, Kevin. (1998) “Culture and Conflict Resolution”

US Commence of Peacefulness Press.

Ormrod, J. E. (1999). “Human learning” Uppr Saddle Riv

NJ: Prentice-Hall.

N. A. (2003, May) “Traditional sociological paradigms”

Recovered 14 November, 2007 in http://husky1.smu.ca/~evanderveen/wvdv/Introduction_to_Sociology/traditional_sociological_paradig.htm

D. A. (n. d. ) “Introduction to sociology” Retrieved 14 The fall of, 2007 at http://husky1.smu.ca/~evanderveen/wvdv/classical_crim_theory/sellin.htm

And. A. (2007) “Social Learning Theory, Bandura, at learning theories”

Recovered 14 November, 2007 in http://www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura.html

Illeris, Knud. (2002) “The 3 Dimensions of Learning”

Forlaget Samfundslitteratur.

Keel, Robert. (2005, Jul) “Culture Conflict Theory” Retrieved 13 November, 3 years ago at http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/200/culflic.html

Vito, Gennaro F; Maahs, Jeffrey Ur; Holmes, Ronald M. (2007) “Criminology, theory research and policy” Roberts and Bartlett Publishers.

THEORIES”

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