Virtue Ethics Essay

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Paper type: Values,

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Virtue ethics can be described as moral viewpoint that involves morality, described by ideals which are identified and grouped by a array of character qualities. Aristotle is the founding dad of most advantage ethics hypotheses, while some types have included Plato, Margen and Hume their contributions to the theory of virtue ethics is less emphasized (Athanassouulis, 2006).

Virtue theory is normally thought of as a dynamic theory of how to conduct organization activities (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 2008, p. 157). Virtues are acquired character traits that help people squeeze into society. Attaining virtuous attributes is necessary to achieve success.

According to Grenz & Smith (2003): Virtue ethics is defined as an, inner personality to perform morally right works of a certain kind; the tendency to do something rightly by habit within a particular manner; a character trait that is considered morally praiseworthy. The virtues have also been thought as those features of persona that make a person morally successful. Ethicists in both Greek and Christian meaning traditions possess sought to ascertain what qualities are benefits. Recent years include witnessed a renewed interest in virtues, particularly with the renaissance in virtue ethics or maybe the ethic to be (p. 125).

Other definitions of advantage ethics had been described as confident traits which promote health, harmony, and balance (Engel, 2000). A virtue is definitely an acquired quality of character that permits one to achieve personal pleasure. Velasquez, Shanks, Andre and Meyer (1988) illustrated that a person that has evolved the virtue of generosity is often referred to as a good person because he or the girl tends to be good in all conditions (no page). Velasquez, Shanks, Andre, and Meyer’s model of virtue ethics reinforces Aristotle’s previous theory that once virtuosity is acquired it is preserved by replication (1988, not any page). Folks are by nature creatures of habit.

Therefore , in order to be virtuous you need to repeat positive acts so those functions become patterns. The opposite of virtues are vices, that happen to be negative qualities that detract from wellness, harmony and balance. Relating to Engel (2000) a vice is usually an unbalanced virtue which usually needs to be brought back to center (no page).

A vice can either certainly be a lack of effort or an act of self indulgence. Vices result from impulses that are not controlled by benefits and many occasions the individual is definitely unaware of their particular emotions (Engel, 2000, zero page). Benefits and habits must communicate and balance. On a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 becoming extreme, a person who values the virtue of honesty and vows to always inform the truth no matter the circumstance or perhaps situation lacks harmony and balance. Trustworthiness can be taken up an extreme 12 whereby one says everything from one’s brain without any consideration or perhaps using courtesy (Engel, 2000, no page).

On the other hand one can be an extreme 1 in which the individual would not ever notify the truth. It is vital to understand that being an severe 1 or perhaps 10 about any positive scale is usually not a good point. Aristotle is definitely the father of virtue values theories; he studied integrity in a broad sense. This individual defined benefits of personality as agencement to act in a few ways in response to related situations (Engel, 2000, no page). Depending on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, things of any variety include a attribute function that they can be properly used to perform (Kemerling, 1997).

The favorable for humans must require the entire appropriate function of human lifestyle as a whole (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 350 W. C. ). Aristotle likewise gave thought to the facets of human nature involved with acting and accepting moral responsibility. Aristotle’s philosophy of virtue integrity emphasizes that acting positive is a behavior not an work. We will be what we frequently do.

Superiority, then, can be not an action, but a habit (Landauer & Rowlands, 2001). For example , individuals that consistently practice the virtue of being fair can continuously explicate their knowledge of fairness in every single aspect of existence. Blackburn (2001) pointed out that Aristotle emphasized turning out to be virtuous requires education and practice (p. 113). Meaningful character must be taught and instilled slowly but surely.

Aristotle’s theory of virtue applies appropriately to today’s business actions by implying to be positive requires severe repetition, devotion and understanding of morality. Morality is a main component of virtue ethics. Grenz & Johnson defined morality as, Determining what is thought to be right and good, then living out those beliefs (2003, s. 77). The term ethics provides often been used being a synonym for morality (Frankena, 1980, p. 3).

In accordance to Frankena, conceptual considering and evaluation seek to simplify moral concepts like advantage to elucidate the reasoning of moral thinking (1980, s. 4). Values has been called an action guidebook or common of perform. What Makes Us Moral?

Authored by Levy (2004) referred to morality like a system of prescription medications that are placed to be conditionally binding upon all realistic agents (p. 41). Generally morality can be deemed as a type of personality formation which in turn determines just how people should act and shape their lives (Frankena, 1980, p19). Essentially morality has been associated synonymously with moral view.

Hollinger labeled moral wisdom as a tendencies in which people have a sense of oughtness and obligation (2002, l. 13). Meaningful judgment requires those decisions in particular circumstances where a single choice might be better or worse than another. In accordance to Cothran (2006), deciding what is meaning or immoral comes from possibly the understanding of new details or the application of information (p.

34). It is out of a sense of obligation, and knowing right from wrong which has caused people to debate the morality of your issue. Halberstam (1993) suggested that there are three basic perturbation about ethical judgment (p. 146).

First, morality is not a couple of taste. Second, moral judgments are not cultural judgments. Lastly, being meaningful does not equal acting legally.

How people choose to manage issues tells the world who they actually are. How do you generate a meaningful decision? You may flip a coin. You can roll chop. Usually persons go with their very own gut predatory instincts.

Moral reflection is essentially self actualization which compels visitors to analyze their decisions. Commonly people controversy about interpersonal issues just like abortion, euthanasia, and everyday personal issues. These issues are moral judgments not a couple of taste or perhaps preference. Americans have enacted laws based on moral issues not concerns of taste.

Moral issues are regularly taken to Congress in order to sanction laws relating to American citizens. Halberstam (1993) mentioned, If meaning views had been arbitrary amour, we wouldn’t bother looking to get others to see our way (p. 147). Many persons confuse moral judgments with social decision.

Halberstam (1993) researched Southeast Asians delicacies and found various Asians consider monkey minds to be a delicacy (p. 148). Asians regularly dine on monkey brains, which most Americans would find repugnant. However , usage of monkey brains is no more a moral repulsion than usage of toast chickens. A defieicency of whether or not to dine on monkey minds would usually be considered a interpersonal judgment not just a moral judgment (Halberstam, 1993, p. 148).

However , if a particular lifestyle worshiped monkeys then the issue could be regarded a meaningful judgment. Meaning judgments, unlike matters of taste will be supported by reason (Halberstam, the year 2003, p. 147). People are permitted to prefer a particular food over one more, the same as they are really allowed to like wearing garments made by a certain designer over another.

One of moral view would be offered if a artist employed children in sweatshops to make their clothes. The purchaser would then simply have the responsibility of deciding whether it is morally right to continue to acquire the designer’s clothing. The buyer’s decision would be based on his or her meaningful beliefs. Moral beliefs will be inner beliefs that ultimately guide outward actions.

Values isn’t an issue of personal style or social standards. It really isn’t an issue of the rules, either. Morality and the rules are often linked.

Fried (1978) pointed out in Right and Wrong, Rights are to be applied, and there are moral judgments being made, judgments of the good and bad, better and worse, regarding the enjoyment of these types of rights (p. 171). One example is some comedians tell sexist and ethnic jokes. Legally the comic has a right to free conversation, however all those jokes could possibly be considered morally offensive.

Generally in most societies people want what the law states to reveal morality, nevertheless there is a great line between your two. Resting is morally wrong, nevertheless unless you lay on a observe stand it’s not illegal (Halbestam, 2003, p. 151). Therefore many people haven selected not to make being a divagar an unlawful act; only to question the morality and character of folks that rest. Cohen (2002) stated, Most of the world’s misery can be traced back to a lack of virtue (p. 21).

The main benefits that support business ventures are: sincerity, honesty, trust, fairness, and moral leadership (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 2008, s. 157). Insufficient any of the mentioned before virtues may severely impede and injury a business. Relating to Lewis (1991) within a Question of Vales: Half a dozen Ways We all Make The Personal Choices That Shape Our Lives, virtuosity continues to be closely linked to emotion, Although we do not usually associate feeling with thinking or judging we in fact judge through our thoughts all the time (p.

10). Being honest and honest has been discovered to be the most emotionally challenged and judged virtue. Ethics incorporates a diverse range of moral characteristics. Planton (2004) identified integrity because following high standards of honesty, justice, and fairness; having completeness or wholeness (p. 40).

You could say that to maintain honesty is to prevent situations that violate the sense of completeness or wholeness. Here’s an example to illustrate the principle of integrity. You are a lawyer with a firm and you are propositioned by a consumer to do legal work away from the company. You feel this opportunity might help you improve in your career.

Also the likelihood of anyone finding out about this business transaction can be unlikely. In the event that you where a person of integrity what might you do? I actually you benefit the advantage of integrity you would probably decline the offer, as a result of your devotion and commitment to the organization. Individuals that benefit integrity generally value honesty as well. However individuals that have not fully created their perception of advantage emotionally strive between getting truthful and being deceitful.

Grenz & Smith (2003) defined trustworthiness as being devoted to the fact and reliability: (p. 53). As a virtue honesty gives rise the two to pursing the truth and being truthful (Grenz & Smith, 2003, p. 54). Even in difficult scenarios a truly positive person will almost always be honest.

Trust is a advantage defined as a predisposition to put confidence inside the behavior of others while taking risk which the expected patterns will not be performed (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 2008, l. 158). Businesses that posse the advantage of trust eliminate the requirement for excessive monitoring and specific contracts and agreements (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 08, p. 158). Businesses that contain complete trust convey dependability and ethics to their consumers and alternative. Fairness is known as a virtue that focuses on the disposition to deal impartialy with the recognized injustices of others (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 2008, p. 158).

Relating to Grenz & Jones (2003) justness is a theory of rights that claims that all persons in a particular group ought contribute to and share in the benefits that accumulate to the group in a manner that is usually equitable once measured according to an assumed or arranged standard. Fairness often relates to doing the right thing in any given situation. In sales and marketing conditions associates frequently have collective team and specific objectives or perhaps sales goals to meet monthly. In order to make the sales targets fair, higher management evaluate multiple parts, such as the volume of sales affiliates on a team and the quantity of product sales experience of every person.

It would be unfair for an associate with a month of knowledge to have the same goals because an associate with one year of service. It will also be unfair for a team of 6th members to get the same revenue goals as a team with twelve members. They would be at a disadvantage either by not enough experience or maybe the number of sales agents. Moral management is a virtue that encompasses strength of character, comfort heart, and happiness in every area of your life. Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell (2008) have found moral leadership to become a character feature of commanders who stick to consistent pattern of behavior based on virtues (p.

158). A person that have got moral management will always rely on their benefits to guide these people. Such an individual will remain steady in the technique in which they will conduct organization. Virtues in many cases are called persona traits. Figure is defined as the many dimensions of personality either natural or perhaps acquired that distinguish one person from one other (Grenz & Smith, the year 2003, p. 18).

As an ethical term character identifies the attributes of an individual that may be regarded morally blameworthy or praiseworthy. Character traits are usually found in a positive impression to refer for the possession of benefits. Individuals that posses character traits are considered being as morally upright.

Habgier (2006) located virtue values to be internal and personal regulating, therefore sustaining character traits because internal and self-regulating actions of criteria (no page). It is important to comprehend that meaning character evolves over a period of time. People are born with all types of natural tendencies. Some of the habits will be great such as amazing advantages and some in the tendencies will be negative including jealousy (Athanassoulis, 2006, no page).

All-natural tendencies could be encouraged and discouraged simply by leadership including parent’s teachers and peers. Character creation is molded and molded through a long gradual process of moral education and habitation (Athanassoulis, 2006, no page). Moral education and expansion are a major part of virtue values. Cline advised in Virtue Ethics: Values and Character, that a person ask themselves 4 key inquiries: What sort of person do I wish to be?; What benefits are qualities of the person I want to end up being?; What activities will enhance the benefits I want to possess?: What actions will be qualities of the sort of person I would like to be? (n. d., zero page).

Positive actions come from a few particular inspiration, which suggests correct meaning decisions need correct meaningful motives. Greene (1994) pointed out Benjamin Franklin’s stance around the virtue of resolve in Ben’s Publication of Virtues which stated, resolutions were meant to be kept and held sacred by resolving to complete what you ought (p. 8). In other words, carry out without fail whatever you resolve to accomplish (Greene, 1994, p. 8). Resolutions are generally inner pledges people help to make to themselves to do or perhaps follow certain plans of action.

Following through with resolutions develops trust and respect in the commercial world. Businesses that are not able to honor their particular resolutions turn into weak and undesirable for their colleagues and stakeholders. There could be a different group of virtues for nearly every aspect of lifestyle, such as matrimony, religion, and business.

For instance , with regards to marriage the virtues are trust, respect, take pleasure in and fidelity. Many Christian’s hold their very own religious benefits as compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness, tolerance, and first and foremost love (Col 3: 12). Most businesses set of benefits are trust, self-control, accord, fairness, truthfulness, learning, gratitude, civility, and moral management (Ferrell, Fraedrich & Ferrell, 2008, s. 158).

Virtue ethics is actually a moral beliefs that has been which may focus on one’s internal temperament of ideals and morals. According to Aristotle, benefits are developed through meaningful education which usually instills great character attributes by repeated practicing of virtuous habits. Virtuous persons posses stability and a harmonious relationship between all their virtues and vices. In conclusion virtue ethics is a energetic theory of how to carry out business actions and in the end life activities. Reference List Aristotle. c. 350 B. C. (1985).

Nicomachean Integrity. Trans simply by Terence Irwin. Indianapolis. IN: Hackett. Athanassoulis, Nafsika. (2006). Virtue ethics. In The Internet Encyclopedia ofPhilosophy online. Retrieved July 26, 2008 from http://www. utm. edu/research/iep/v/virtue. htm Blackburn, Simon. (2001). Being good: A brief introduction to integrity. New York, NewYork: Oxford University or college Press Inc. Cline, Austin. (n. m. ). Virtue ethics: Values and character. Retrieved June 30, 08, from http://atheism. about. com/od/ethicalsystems/a/virtueethics. htm Cohen, Randy. (2002). The good unhealthy & the: How to notify right fromwrongin everyday circumstances. New York, NY: Doubleday. Cothran, Helen. (Eds) (2006). Ethics: Opposing views. Farmington Slopes, MI: Greenhaven Press. Engel, Dawn. (2000).

Virtues and vices. Gathered July dua puluh enam, 2008 fromhttp://www. philosophypages. com/hy/2s. htm Frankena, William. (1980). Thinking about morality. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press. Ferrell, U. C., Fraedrich, John, & Ferrell, Hermosa. (2008).

Person factors: moralphilosophies and ideals. In, Organization ethics: Honest decision making and cases(7th education. ). (P. 156-158) Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Business. Fried, Charles. (1978). Proper and wrong.

Cambridge, MUM: Harvard College or university Press. Habgier, Nicholas f. (2006). Virtue ethics and character consequentialism. Retrieved fromhttp://www. class. uidaho. edu/ngier/introVE. htm Greene, Karen. (Eds) (1994).

Ben’s book of virtues: Ben Franklin’s simple each week planfor accomplishment and joy. New Hope, PA: New Hope Press. Grenz, Stanley J. & Smith, Jay T. (2003).

Pocket book of ethics: Over 300 terms &ideas clearly defined. Downers Grove, ELLE: Inter Varsity Press. Halberstam, Joshua. (1993). Everyday values: Inspired solutions real -life dilemmas.

Nyc, NY: Penguin Group. Hollinger, Dennis G. (2002) Finding the good. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic. Kemerling, Garth. Aristotle: Ethics and the virtues. (1997).

Retrieved July twenty-eight, 2008 from http://www. philosophypages. com/hy/2s. htm Landauer, Shaun & Rowlands, Joseph. (2001). Virtue. Gathered June 31, 2008 fromhttp://wwww. importanceofphilosophy. com/Ethics_Virtue. html Garnishment, Neil. (2004).

What makes us moral? Bridging the boundaries of biology. Oxford, Britain: Oneworld Publications Lewis, Hunter. (1991). A question of ideals: Six techniques we make the personal choicesthat shape our lives.

New York, BIG APPLE: HarperCollins Web publishers. Plante, Thomas G. PH. D., ABPP. (2004). Do the right factor: Living ethically in anunethical world. Oakland, CA: Fresh Harbinger Guides Inc.

Velasquez, Manuel & Andre, Clairette & Shanks, Thomas & Meyer, Michael. (1988). Ethics and virtue. Retrieved fromhttp://www. scu. edu/ethics/practicing/decision/ethicsandvirtue. html.

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