Dorothea Orem’ Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing Essay
Explanation of key points of the theory The self-care deficit theory “provides a way of looking at and investigating what nurses do” (Blais & Hayes, 2011, p. 102).
It talks to actions that individuals is capable of doing independently to take care of life, well being, and well being. The theory traces the three different categories of self-care requisites – which is essential by every individuals. That revealed that overtime, however, there may be the requirement to obtain assistance, and making adjustments because of changes in overall health, development or perhaps body image.
When ever there is a self-care deficit, a person experiences health-related limitations including this point she or he is unable to carry out tasks separately, and so he or she benefits from nursing jobs care. Nevertheless , the concept of the nursing program, allows healthcare professionals to support individuals according to his or her capability to perform personal care (Blais & Hayes, p. 102, 2011). Historical background Dorothea Orem was born 1914 in Baltimore Baltimore.
She started her nursing career in Washington G. C. and got her diploma or degree in the early on 1930’s (Nursing Theories, 2014). She produced the Self-care Deficit Breastfeeding Theory –SCDNT in 1956 (Alligood, l. 261, 2010). Orem’s theory highlights self-care as a human need, and allows healthcare professionals to develop interventions to motivate self-care. The goal of the theory should be to help persons and their family members to maintain charge of their well being during the entier of lifestyle.
The general theory is referred to as the Self-care shortage theory of nursing and was first printed in 1971 (Blais & Hayes, p. 102, 2011). Orem’s idea of an individual’s independence is described in her sub hypotheses: self-care, self-care deficit and nursing systems (Kozier, Erb, Berman, & Snyder, 2004). The self-care theory can be further split up into four ideas: self-care – which in turn refers to just how individuals may help themselves, self-care agency – the potential of the person to perform attention, self-care requirements – are the actions that are taken to execute self-care, as well as the therapeutic self-care demand – all the actions employed to take care of health (Kozier, et ing, 2004).
Intended for persons whom are unable to act as self- proper care agents, the nursing program adequately supports them in order that their needs may be met. Explain how the selected theorist’s way of each element of the metaparadigm applies to the next: According to Nursing Hypotheses (2014), “In Orem’s nursing theory an individual is defined as the recipient of proper care who has the potential for learning and development. A person can engage in planned actions, interpret experiences and perform effective actions” (para 2) With the aid of Orem’ theory, the health professional is able to recognize the patients’ developmental level and the treatment that is required. The idea allows autonomy for medical as a career through the continuous use of data based practice in making decisions.
Through education, balance is definitely maintained in nursing practice. Patients happen to be allowed main control over their health though health care providers ease education, encourage and motivate healthy techniques, and life-style modification. In accordance to Bernier (2002) “Orem’s Theory tutorials nursing practice with assumptive concepts and goal setting providing a foundation where nurses can question the practice and expand the avenue to get nursing research” (p.
384-90). Health Orem’s definition of overall health was just like that of the earth Health firm. (Nursing Ideas, 2014). In respect to Medical Theories (2014), health is “state of physical, mental, and interpersonal well-being and not just the lack of disease of infirmity” (para 5).
As the theory pertains to health and the nursing practice, it demonstrates patients’ self-care limitations. Yet , it lets judgments being made in order that the appropriate program of proper care can be developed, administered, as well as the benefits gained by the sufferers. The theory as well allows people to use self-care to maintain optimal health and self-reliance while healthcare professionals perform principal evaluation and implement the nursing method to meet other needs to be able of goal.
The registered nurse has an crucial, and conceivable challenging role at this moment. Yet , to improve well being, it is important that individuals are knowledgeable about current illness plus the plan of care that is performed in order that optimal overall health can be renewed. Education about medication program is important because it encourages conformity with treatment and increases knowledge upon maintenance of good health.
Orem’s theory impacts well being, and enhance nursing exploration through the gathering and examining of patients’ data. The info that is accumulated is used correctly to measure the nursing care that can be executed to improve an individual’s wellness. Nursing Nursing is a personal service that help visitors to identify and develop approaches to help or perhaps care for these people self (Nursing Theories, 2014). Orem’ theory encourages affected person – nurse relationship, proper care being the principal focus and the ultimate objective is wellness restoration.
This encourages patient’ independence although holistic treatment is given through constant reassessments. A plan of care is integrated through data based practice, and an extensive assessment performed using the self-care requisites. Through supportive –education, nurses can strengthen individuals as self-care agency. This is done mostly through educating and leading. Patients must voice problems, and collectively nurses and patients explore the most appropriate selections that will boost the healing process.
Rns ensure that there is also a collaboration by making self-care brokers provide insight into decision making. Through Orem’s control businesses, nurses assess the quality and quantity of self-care that the self-care agent will be able to perform, and judge the potency of the steps (Alligood, g. 268, 2010). Through evidence based practice, plan of care is revised, and corrective measures are set up. Environment Environment is the adjacent of an man or woman who affects her or his capability to perform self-care responsibilities (Nursing Hypotheses, 2014).
Self-care is a learned behavior in fact it is influenced simply by an individual’s environment. Pertaining to an individual in order to perform self-care, he or she has being in an environment that is favorable to such act, when he or she is provided with psychological support. To promote self-care, it is important that persons are educated of the environment and tools that are offered to help together with the maintenance of well being. Through education patients are able to practice self-care, while rns monitor and regulate their actions.
An individual’ health status is influenced simply by his or her environment. With the aid of the person and involved family members, information about the individual’s environment can be obtained and the important plan of care applied. References Alligood, M. R. (2010). Breastfeeding Theory: Usage and App (4th ed. ). Gathered from School of Phoenix, arizona eBook Collection database Bernier, F. (2002).
Applying orem’s self-care debt theory of nursing to continence proper care: Part installment payments on your Urologic Medical, 22(6), 384-90. Blais, T. K., & Hayes, J. S. (2011). Professional Nursing Practice: Concepts and Perspectives (6th ed. ). Retrieved by University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
Kozier, M., Erb, G., Berman, A., & Snyder, S. (2004). Fundamentals of Nursing: ideas, process, and practice (7th ed. ). Upper saddle River, Nj-new jersey: Pearson Education, Inc., Nursing Theories. (2014). Biography of Dorothea Orem. Retrieve by http://nursingtheories.info/dorothea-orem-self-care-deficit-nursing-theory/ Medical Theories. (2014).
Dorothea Orem: Self Proper care Deficit Breastfeeding Theory. Retrieve from http://nursingtheories.info/dorothea-orem-self-care-deficit-nursing-theory/