Try things out on the decomposition of a carbonate

Paper type: Technology,

Words: 750 | Published: 04.21.20 | Views: 562 | Download now

GOAL: To carry out a lab research to break down a carbonate using heat, also to handle appropriate testing for the formation of products because of this decomposition.

DISSCUSION: Carbonates are decomposed by temperature into the matching oxides and carbon dioxide. The temperature of decomposition is determined by the activity in the metal; frankly, the more lively the material, the more steady is the carbonate. Thus, the carbonates of sodium and potassium are stable at the highest temperatures of a Bunsen burner fire, whereas the carbonates of silver and copper can be decomposed.

From this experiment copper mineral (ii) carbonate will be decomposed at an increased temperature, forming copper (ii) oxide and carbon dioxide:

CuCO3(s) arrow CuO(s) + CO2(g)

You will test out for the formation of water piping (ii) o2 and co2. Limewater is known as a sensitive check for CARBON DIOXIDE, forming an exceptional milky medicine:

CO2(g) + Ca(OH)2(aq) arrow CaCO3(s) & H2O(l)


* body fat Pyrex test tubes times 3

2. medium Pyrex test tubes x two

* holed stopper by 1

2. bent glass delivery pipe x one particular

* plastic tubing times 1

2. glass tubing x one particular

* retort stand by 2

5. Bunsen burner x you

* Protection glasses back button 1

* Copper(ii) carbonate

* Limewater

* Copper(ii) oxide

5. 5ml of dilute H2SO4


1) Transfer a small quantity of CuCO3 equivalent to a depth of 1cm to a test tube

2) Grip the test tube at an angle of 45 levels and fit a stoppered delivery pipe.

Immerse the end in the delivery pipe into a test tube half-filled with limewater as proven in the diagram.

3) Heat the test tube containing the CuCO3 strongly for a few a few minutes until a color change in the carbonate and lime water is observed

4) Record your observations of the adjustments occurring for the CuCO3 as well as the limewater

Screening for copper(ii) oxide

5) Allow the dark powder (CuO) remaining in the test conduit to awesome

6) Put 5ml of dilute H2SO4 and nice gently using a Bunsen burner don’t boil. Record the observations

7) Transfer tiny amount of pure CuO provided by your teacher in a test pipe. Add 5ml of dilute H2SO4 and warm gently with a Bunsen burner may boil. Record your findings


* the Bunsen is incredibly hot so is the check tube

* before you stop heating, remove the evaluation tube that contain, lime normal water


* put on safety glasses

* put on a lab coat

* use the wood peg the moment handling test tubes


* CuCO3 turned dark when warmed

* When ever limewater joined to CARBON DIOXIDE gas this turned milky

* Once CuO was heated it turned blue


1) The principal element of limestone may be the mineral calcite, but limestone frequently as well contains the minerals dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2) and aragonite (CaCO3). Natural calcite, dolomite, and aragonite are clear or white-colored. However , with impurities, they will take on a variety of colors. Subsequently, limestone is usually light colored; usually it is tan or perhaps gray. Yet , limestone has become found in nearly every color. The color of limestone isdue to impurities including sand, clay-based, iron oxides and hydroxides, and organic materials. The moment treated with sulfuric acidity, dolomite brings calcium sulfate (gypsum) and magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts). Calcined (heated) dolomite is extensively used as a liner for Bessemer converters in the production of steel coming from pig straightener.

2) Carbonate-hosted deposits will be bodies of sphalerite, galena and straightener sulphide (pyrite or marcasite) in limestone or dolostone. These deposits are also known as Mississippi Valley-type deposits, as that part of North America has many of them. The deposits are often believed to be shaped when mineral-laden fluids traverse fractures or pore areas in the mountain. Chemical conditions in the carbonate rocks trigger metals to precipitate in the fluids, being deposited upon fractures in addition to openings inside the rock.

REALIZATION: we found that Carbonates are deconstructed by heat into the corresponding oxides and carbon dioxide.


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